Distress, No Stress, Anti-Stress, Eustress: Where Does REST Fit In?
- 95 Downloads
As we all know, the early history of REST research centered around the purported ability of the technique to arouse high levels of stress, in the negative sense of that term. High levels of negative stress — or, as Selye called it, distress (1974) — were indicated by just about all of the measures administered by the McGill University team. The symptoms included, above all, the unwillingness of subjects to continue in the experiment after only about two days; and secondarily, such signs of mental aberration as hallucinations, spontaneous emotional shifts, heightened suggestibility, and deterioration of performance on cognitive, perceptual, and motor tasks (Bexton, Heron & Scott, 1954).
KeywordsNegative Stress Sensory Deprivation Stimulus Restriction Perceptual Deprivation Rest Experience
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Antonovsky, A. & Bernstein, J. Pathogenesis and Salutogenesis in War and Other Crises: Who Studies the Successful Copers? In: Milgram, N. (Ed.), Stress and Coping in the Time of War: Generalization from the Israeli Experience. New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel, 1986, p. 52–64.Google Scholar
- Fine, T.H. & Turner, J.W., Jr. (Eds.). First International Conference on Rest and Self-Regulation. Proceedings. Toledo, OH: Iris, 1985.Google Scholar
- Lilly, L.C. The Deep Self. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 1977.Google Scholar
- Lilly, J.C. & Shurley, J.T. Experiments in Solitude, In Maximum Achievable Physical Isolation with Water Suspension, of Intact Healthy Persons. In: Flaherty, B.E. (Ed.) Psychophysiological Aspects of Space Flight. New York, NY: Columbia University, 1961, 238–247.Google Scholar
- Myers, T.I., Murphy, D.B., Smith, S. & Goffard, S. Experimental Studies of Sensory Deprivation and Social Isolation In: HumRRO Tech. Rept. 66–8, Washington, D.C.: George Washington University, 1966.Google Scholar
- Roy, C. Life Changes After Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy: Observations of a Psychiatrist. In preparation, 1989.Google Scholar
- Selye, H. Stress Without Distress. New York, NY: Signet, 1974.Google Scholar
- Solomon, P., Kubzansky, P.E., Leiderman, P.H., Mendelson, J., & Wexler, D. (Eds.) Sensory Deprivation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 1961.Google Scholar
- Suedfeld, P. Theoretical Formulations: II. In: Zubek, J.P. (Ed.) Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen Years of Research. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969, 433–448.Google Scholar
- Suedfeld, P. Changes in Intellectual Performance and in Susceptibility to Influence. In: Zubek, J.P. (Ed.) Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen years of Research. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969, 126–156.Google Scholar
- Suedfeld, P. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Clinical Applications. New York, NY: Wiley, 1980.Google Scholar
- Suedfeld, P. Extreme and Unusual Environments. In: Stokols, D. & Altman, I. (Eds.) Handbook of Environmental Psychology. New York, NY: Wiley, 1987, Vol. I, 863–887. (a)Google Scholar
- Suedfeld, P. Groups in Isolation and Confinement: Environments and Experiments. Paper presented at the Conference on The Human Experience in Antarctica: Applications to Life in Space. Sunnyvale, CA, 1987. (b)Google Scholar
- Turner, J.W., Jr. & Fine, T.H. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on REST. Toledo, OH: IRIS, 1987.Google Scholar
- Zubek, J.P. (Ed.) Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen Years of Research. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969.Google Scholar
- Zubek, J.P. Behavioral and Physiological Effects of Prolonged Sensory and Perceptual Deprivation: A Review. In: Rasmussen, J.E. (Ed.) Man in Isolation and Confinement. Chicago, IL: Aldine, 1973, 9–83.Google Scholar