The Diagnosis and Therapy of Acute Bacterial Meningitis

  • Burke A. Cunha
Part of the Clinical Topics in Infectious Disease book series (CLIN.TOP.INFECT)


Bacterial meningitis is an acute or subacute infection of the leptomeninges and is associated with chemical and cellular changes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A clinical syndrome associated with a characteristic CSF profile, the main clinical problem in meningitis is arriving at a working diagnosis on which to base empiric therapy. The clinician’s diagnostic dilemma is to differentiate bacterial from viral meningitis as well as from mimics of acute bacterial meningitis. Clinical findings must be combined with CSF results to determine quickly the most probable pathogen upon which initial antimicrobial therapy can be based.6,33,43,46


Bacterial Meningitis Lyme Disease Pneumococcal Meningitis Tuberculous Meningitis Viral Meningitis 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

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  • Burke A. Cunha

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