Demystifying Vygotsky’s Concept of the Zone of Proximal Development
In this paper it is shown that the Soviet psychologist Vygotsky’s well-known concept of the zone of proximal development arose in the practice of intelligence testing. More specifically, Vygotsky used the concept to explain the phenomenon of regression towards the mean of IQ scores. It is claimed that this way of thinking about the zone of proximal development contradicts its current Western interpretations. In addition, it is argued that Vygotsky’s original interpretation had several unfortunate implications that conflicted with his own larger body of writings as well.
KeywordsInfluenza Tuberculosis Cough Rene
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Blonsky, P. P. (1927). Psikhologicheskie ocherki. Moscow: Novaya Moskva.Google Scholar
- Burt, C. (1921). Mental and scholastic tests. London: Staples.Google Scholar
- Rogoff, B., & Wertsch, J. V. (Eds.) (1984). Children’s learning in “the zone of proximal development”. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Terman, L. M. (1919). The intelligence of school children. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
- Veer, R. van der, & Valsiner, J. (in press). Lev Vygotsky. His life and work. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1922). O metodakh prepodovanija khudozhestvennoj literatury v shkolakh II stupeni. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1926). Pedagogicheskaja psikhologija. Moscow: Rabotnik Prosveshchenija.Google Scholar
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1934). Problema vozrasta. In L. S. Vygotskij (Ed.), Sobranie sochinenij. Tom 4. Detskaja psikhologija (pp. 244–268). Moscow: Pedagogika.Google Scholar
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1935). Umstvennoe razvitie detej v processe obuchenija. Moscow-Leningrad: Uchpedgiz.Google Scholar
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar