Issues of Family Interaction, Parenting, and Parent Groups
At the birth of a Down syndrome child, a family must consider a number of unexpected issues: parental reactions to the diagnosis of Down syndrome and its associated developmental disabilities, interfamilial relationships such as those between siblings, relationships with the extended family, and the role of professionals in facilitating family adjustment (Cobb & Hancock, 1984). The marital relationship, individual personalities, coping strategies, and financial situation will all affect the family’s adjustment to the birth of a child with Down syndrome (Burden, 1980). Many studies in the literature have sought to determine the psychological variables that will predict the pattern of family adjustment to the birth of a child with a developmental disability. However, a review of this literature reveals that no currently available behavioral or psychological instrument measures or evaluates family stress following the birth of a disabled child or the relationship of these early levels of stress to later levels of adjustment by the family (A Murphy, 1982).
KeywordsDown Syndrome Developmental Disability Parent Group Medical Insurance Disable Child
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