“Box/Peanut”- Shaped Galactic Bulges

  • Martin Shaw


By a visual inspection of photographic plate material for all 504 of the largest, normal spiral and lenticular galaxies contained within the Second Reference Catalogue (de Vaucouleurs et al. 1976; RC2) and supplementary lists, we have constructed a subset of those 117 systems which are most edge- on to the line-of-sight. This has been used as a basic database for our investigation of the nature of the galaxian non-thin disc population in general, but it has also proved an ideal means by which to study general characteristics of those galaxies which display “box” or “peanut”-shaped central isophotes.


Virgo Cluster Reference Catalogue Galactic Bulge Lenticular Galaxy Normal Spiral 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Barnes, J. and White, S. D. M. 1984, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 211, 753.ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Shaw, M. 1987, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 229, 691.ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A., and Corwin, H. G. 1976, Second Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies (Austin: Univ. of Texas Press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Shaw
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AstronomyUniversity of ManchesterEngland, UK

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