Morning Glory Disc Anomaly

  • Juan Orellana
  • Alan H. Friedman


It is believed that morning glory discs arise from abnormal development of the posterior sclera during gestation. One hypothesis suggests that the disc and surrounding tissue prolapse posteriorly as a result of failure of the embryological fissure to close. The anomaly resembles a morning glory flower, from which the name was derived. The disc is enlarged, with a core of glial tissue in its center. Around the disc is found altered pigment epithelium. The arteries may be sheathed, and the vasculature appears to emanate radially from the disc. Visual acuity in these eyes is limited to no better than 20/200 in most cases. Many of the patients present with strabismus. Because the disease is unilateral, patching therapy may be helpful to fulfill the visual potential of the affected eye. The condition is found more commonly in females.


Retinal Detachment Subretinal Fluid Morning Glory Detachment Rate Glial Tissue 
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Selected Reading

  1. Apple DJ, Rabb MF, Walsh PM (1982). Congenital anomalies of the optic disc. Surv Ophthalmol 27: 3–41PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beyer WB, Quencer RM, Osher RH (1982). Morning glory syndrome: a functional analysis including fluorescein angiography, ultrasonography, and computerized tomography. Ophthalmology 89: 1362–1367PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kindler P (1970). Morning glory syndrome: unusual congenital optic disk anomaly. Am J Ophthalmol 69: 376–384PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Steinkuller PG (1980). The morning glory disc anomaly: case report and literature review. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 17: 81–95PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Von Fricken MA, Dhungel R (1984). Retinal detachments in the morn-ing glory syndrome. Retina 4: 97–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Orellana
    • 1
  • Alan H. Friedman
    • 1
  1. 1.Mount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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