Wagner Syndrome and Stickler Syndrome
The characteristic features of Wagner syndrome include myopia, an optically empty vitreous, preretinal membranes, perivascular retinal pigment epithelial changes, vascular sheathing, cataracts, and atrophy of the choriocapillaris. The cataracts typically appear as patients approach their 40th birthday. The vitreous bands are broad and insert into the peripheral retina; and there is liquefaction of the vitreous. It is autosomal dominant and usually present bilaturally. It is noteworthy that many physicians consider Wagner syndrome to be a mild form of Stickler syndrome. Wagner syndrome patients, however, do not have systemic changes, whereas Stickler syndrome patients have systemic manifestations. The former patients do not suffer retinal detachments, whereas more than 50% of the Stickler syndrome patients develop a retinal detachment.
KeywordsRetina Glaucoma Cataract Liquefaction Arthropathy
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