An Integrative Perspective on Self-Awareness and Self-Regulation
In this chapter we present the model of self-regulatory functioning on which our analysis of depression is based. Our model borrows heavily from the original formulations of Duval and Wicklund (1972) and Carver and Scheier (1981), but adds to previous work by filling in some important gaps in prior conceptualizations of self-regulatory functioning. In particular, we address the questions of what determines an individual’s spontaneous focus of attention, why self-reflection has the effects it does, how people disengage from irreducible discrepancies, and what happens in the time between recognition of a discrepancy between current and desired states and the implementation of behavior aimed at reducing that discrepancy.
KeywordsNegative Affect Integrative Perspective Irreducible Discrepancy Internal Attribution Behavioral Option
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