Thyroid Cancer in the Pediatric Patient

  • Jeffrey I. Mechanick


Thyroid carcinoma in children and adolescents is rare. When a juvenile presents with a neck mass or swelling, the clinical evaluation is particularly challenging to the endocrinologist. In general, thyroid neoplasms in the pediatric population are distinguished from those in the adult condition by (1) a strong association with previous neck irradiation (Chapter 3); (2) a predominance of the papillary form (Chapter 1); (3) a presentation with cervical lymph node metastases; and (4) a need to specially consider the therapeutic effects of initial surgical approaches and the subsequent effects of thyroid function on growth and development (Table 4.1). These distinguishing features justify consideration of pediatric thyroid cancer as being a separate entity from the adult form.


Thyroid Cancer Thyroid Carcinoma Thyroid Nodule Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Total Thyroidectomy 


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  • Jeffrey I. Mechanick

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