The Uterus pp 272-293 | Cite as

Congenital Absence of the Uterus and Vagina

  • Albert Altchek
Part of the Clinical Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology book series (CPOG)


Congenital absence of the vagina is referred to as Rokitansky syndrome, Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome, vaginal agenesis, and vaginal aplasia. There are several recent reviews of the condition.1–4 The classical reference is the Jones and Rock text.5 Absence of the uterus in genetic females occurs as part of the Rokitansky syndrome. About 9–10% of cases of this syndrome may have a functioning uterus but without a vagina. The syndrome is focused on a vagina because its absence is more readily noticed than the absence of the uterus.


Renal Agenesis Congenital Absence Human Amniotic Membrane Labium Minora Vaginal Agenesis 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

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  • Albert Altchek

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