Residual Currents in the Western Dutch Wadden Sea

  • H. Ridderinkhof
  • J. T. T. Zimmerman
Part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 38)


It is shown by means of a numerical model of the western Dutch Wadden Sea that the residual current velocity field cocnsists of a throughflow from one tidal basin to another and a field of residual eddies. The first can be explained by the residual momentum balance which gives the driving force of the throughflow in terms of the tidal stress. The latter is more easily understood from the vorticity balance in which bottom frictional generation and damping of vorticity, together with vortex stretching, explain most of the observed features. Near the inlets the rediual eddy pattern has the shape of a highly distorted vorticity quadrupole.


Tidal Basin Tidal Stress Vorticity Balance Residual Eddy Residual Discharge 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Ridderinkhof
    • 1
  • J. T. T. Zimmerman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Netherlands Institute for Sea ResearchTexelThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Institute of Meteorology and Oceanography, Buys Ballot LaboratoryUniversity UtrechtThe Netherlands

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