The Annual Antler Cycle of the European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) in Relation to the Reproductive Cycle

  • Antoine J. Sempéré

Abstract

Deer species living in their natural environments are seasonal breeders. The timing of the rut ensures that births occur in the spring and summer when environmental conditions such as temperature and food availability are optimal for the fawn’s survival. Therefore, most temperate deer species breed in the fall (from September to November).

Keywords

Estrogen Testosterone Glucocorticoid Androgen Prolactin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoine J. Sempéré

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