Anatomy of Velopharyngeal Portal

  • M. Leon Skolnick
  • Ellen R. Cohn

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to describe the structure and function of the underlying musculature so that forces responsible for velopharyngeal movement can be more completely understood. However, it is not our intent to advance a theory of velopharyngeal physiology in this forum, but merely to summarize current thinking and controversies. A secondary purpose is to describe briefly the impact of growth, adenoidal changes, and sex on velopharyngeal structure and function.

Keywords

Depression Acoustics Bluestone 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Leon Skolnick
    • 1
  • Ellen R. Cohn
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of CommunicationsUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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