Obesity and Weight Regulation

  • Robert A. Fox
  • Donald J. Meyer
  • Anthony F. Rotatori
Part of the Disorders of Human Learning, Behavior, and Communication book series (HUMAN LEARNING)


Obesity is a prevalent condition among developmentally disabled (DD) children and adults (Rotatori & Fox, 1981). These obese individuals are likely to experience secondary medical and social problems as a result of this health-related condition. Obesity is not a unitary syndrome with a single causative factor. Rather, it reflects a complex interaction between an individual’s biological and physical characteristics, past learning experiences, and present environmental circumstances. The short- and long-term health risks associated with obesity have stimulated an increased interest in this topic in the research literature as well as the popular press. Specific health risks include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, carbohydrate intolerance, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, pulmonary and renal problems, complications during pregnancy, and higher perinatal mortality (Bray, 1976; Dawber, 1980; Kannel & Gorden, 1979; Van Itallie, 1979). Increased incidence of varicose veins, arthritis, gallstone and gallbladder disease, liver damage, and complications in surgery also have been linked to an obese condition (Agras & Werne, 1981). Moreover, obesity influences longevity. Overweight individuals, especially those who are overweight at younger ages, tend to die younger than average-weight individuals (Simopoulos & Van Itallie, 1984).


Down Syndrome Caloric Intake Weight Regulation Obese Condition Mental Deficiency 
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Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert A. Fox
  • Donald J. Meyer
  • Anthony F. Rotatori

There are no affiliations available

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