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A Philosophical Foray

  • Malcolm R. Westcott

Abstract

In this chapter I will attempt to sample coherently from the nearly endless philosophical literature on freedom. I will make reference to schemes proposed by Cranston (1967), and by Gibbs (1976), to a broad integrative abstraction proposed by Adler (1973), and to some other analytical schemes which I have extracted from various authors and have found useful. I will lead a side trip into the issue of free will, because it is fundamental to notions of human freedom, but I make no pretense to resolving this issue. Finally a glance at the sweeping ubiquity of human freedom proposed by the existentialists will give an additional dimension to the conceptual labyrinth of this diversified topic. The focus will be on a conceptual analysis of freedom, dealt with at varying levels of abstraction, and we will see that capacity and non-interference are fundamental in such an analysis, with some attention paid to discipline as a necessary feature.

Keywords

Human Behaviour Philosophical Literature Human Freedom Moral Choice Marginal Interest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm R. Westcott
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyYork UniversityNorth YorkCanada

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