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Pervasive Themes in Insect Life Cycle Strategies

  • William E. Bradshaw
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

Two prominent themes recur as organizing constructs for studies on life history evolution. The first envisions life history variation as adaptations to the relative intensity and/or timing of mortality incurred by various stages of the life cycle (Istock 1967; Murphy 1968; Emlen 1970; Schaffer 1974a,b; Livdahl 1979). The second envisions life histories as adaptations responding to the degree of density dependence experienced by populations (MacArthur 1962; MacArthur and Wilson 1967; Pianka 1970). The theoretical and conceptual offspring of these themes are enormous as any review will reveal (e.g., Wilbur et al. 1974; Giesel 1976; Stearns 1976, 1977; Gould 1977). Direct experiments designed specifically to discriminate between or test these theories have been slower to emerge. Reasonable attempts in the laboratory have been undertaken with bacteria (Luckinbill 1978, 1984), protozoa (Luckinbill 1979), Drosophila (Giesel and Zettler 1980; Mueller and Ayala 1981; Barclay and Gregory 1981), and copepods (Bergmans 1984).

Keywords

Life History Genetic Correlation Life History Trait Clutch Size Life History Evolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1986

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  • William E. Bradshaw

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