Advertisement

Ascariasis and Toxocariasis

  • Kenneth S. Warren
  • Adel A. F. Mahmoud

Abstract

Ascaris lumbricoides, also known as the “giant intestinal round worm,” has been known since ancient times because of its foot-long size and its great prevalence. In 1947 it was estimated that there were 644 million people, or approximately one-quarter of the world’s population, with ascariasis. Since this ubiquitous parasite is difficult to control and there has been considerable population growth in the last 30 years, it can now be estimated that A. lumbricoides infects one billion people. In the United States, a recent review suggested that 2.5 million people, mainly in the southeastern section, have ascariasis.1

Keywords

Biliary Obstruction Worm Burden Female Worm Of788 Case Ascaris Lumbricoides 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Walsh J: Human helminthic and protozoan infections in the North. In: Warren KS, Bowers JZ (eds): pp 45–61. Parasitology: A Global Perspective. Springer-Verlag, New York, 1983Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sinniah B: Daily egg production of Ascaris lumbricoides: the distribution of eggs in the faeces and the variability of egg counts. Parasitology 84:167–175, 1982PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Spillman RK: Pulmonary ascariasis in tropical communities. Am J Trop Med Hyg 24:791–800, 1975Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Croll NA, Anderson RM, Gyorkos TW, Ghadirian E: The population biology and control of Ascaris lumbricoides in a rural community in Iran. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 76:187–197, 1982PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Venkatachalam PS, Patwardhan VN: The role of Ascaris lumbricoides in the nutrition of the host: effect of ascariasis on digestion of protein. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 47:169–175, 1953PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tripathy K, Gonzales F, Lotero H, Bolanos O: Effects of Ascaris infection on human nutrition. Am J Trop Med Hyg 20:212–218, 1971PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cerf BJ, Rohde JE, Soesanto T: Ascaris and malnutrition in a Balinese village: a conditional relationship. Trop Geogr Med 33:367–373, 1981PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Blumenthal DS, Schultz MG: Effects of Ascaris infection on nutritional status in children. Am J Trop Med Hyg 25:682–690, 1976PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Blumenthal DS, Schultz MG: Incidence of intestinal obstruction in children infected with Ascaris lumbricoides. Am J Trop Med Hyg 24:801–805, 1975PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Louw JH: Abdominal complications of Ascaris lumbricoides infestation in children. Br J Surg 53:510–521, 1966PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chin-Che C, Cheng-Teh H: Biliary ascariasis in childhood. A clinical analysis of 788 cases. Chin Med J 85:167–171, 1966Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gelpi AP, Mustafa A: Ascaris pneumonia. Am J Med 44:377–389, 1968PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Melvin DM, Brooke MM: Laboratory procedures for the diagnosis of intestinal parasites: Publications no (CDC) 75–8282, pp 37–38, 165. Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, 1974Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rickman PP, Hecker W, Prevot J (eds): Pediatric Surgery in Tropical Countries. Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1982Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zinkham WH: Viseral larva migrans, a review and reassessment indicated two forms of clinical expression-visceral and ocular. Am J Dis Child 132:627–633, 1978PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Glickman LT, Schantz PM, Cypess RH: Epidemiological characteristics and clinical findings in patients with serologically proven toxocariasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 73:254–258, 1979PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Glickman LT, Schantz PM, Dombroske R, Cypess R: Evaluation of serodiagnostic tests for visceral larva migrans. Am J Trop Med Hyg 27:492–498, 1978PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth S. Warren
    • 1
  • Adel A. F. Mahmoud
    • 2
  1. 1.Rockefeller FoundationNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.University Hospital of ClevelandClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations