Social Interaction in the First Year: Infants’ Social Skills with Peers versus Mother

  • Deborah Lowe Vandell
  • Kathy Shores Wilson

Abstract

In recent years, considerable attention has been paid to the nature of toddlers’ social encounters with peers (Bronson, 1975; Eckerman, Whatley, & Kutz, 1975; Goldman & Ross, 1977; Mueller & Brenner, 1977; Mueller & Lucas, 1975). From these studies, a preliminary catalogue of toddler social skills may be derived. For example, it appears that toddlers are able both to initiate and maintain encounters with peers. In addition, they are able to combine social acts into complex social messages and to coordinate those messages with a partner into fairly sophisticated games. In contrast to the numerous studies of toddler social skills, however, we know relatively little about infants’ interactions with peers. One purpose of this chapter is to describe in more detail some social skills that are apparent in infantpeer interaction. As part of this discussion, some limitations of infant social abilities are also discussed.

Keywords

Stein Doyle 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References Notes

  1. 1.
    Eckerman, C. O., & Stein, M. R. Using peer encounters to discover the infant’s developing social skills. Paper presented at the Southeastern Conference on Human Development, Alexandria, Va., April 1980.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eckerman, C. O. The attainment of interactive skills: A major task of infancy.Colloquium address delivered at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, October 1978.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lee, L. C. Social encounters of infants: The beginnings of popularity. Paper presented at the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Ann Arbor, Mich., August 1973.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Howes, C. Patterns of friendship in young children. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Boston, April 1981.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ross, H. S., & Hay, D. F. Conflict and conflict resolution between 21-month-old peers. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, New Orleans, March 1977.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vandell, D. L., & Mueller, E. Individual differences in early social interactions with peers.Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Southwestern Society for Research in Human Development, Dallas, April 1978.Google Scholar

References

  1. Brenner, J., & Mueller, E. Shared meaning in boy toddlers’ peer relations. Child Development, in press.Google Scholar
  2. Bronson, W. Peer-peer interaction in the second year of life. In M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum (Eds.), Friendship and peer relations. New York: Wiley, 1975.Google Scholar
  3. Cairns, R. Social development: The origins and plasticity of interchanges. San Francisco: Freeman, 1979.Google Scholar
  4. Easterbrooks, M. A., & Lamb, M. E. The relationship between quality of infant-mother attachment and infant competence in initial encounters with peers. Child Development, 1979, 50, 380–387.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eckerman, C. O., Whatley, J., & Kutz, S. Growth of social play with peers during the second year of life. Developmental Psychology, 1975, 11, 42–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goldman, B. D., & Ross, H. S. Social skills in action: An analysis of early peer games. In J. Glick & K. A. Clarke-Stewart (Eds.), Social and cognitive development: The development of social understanding(Vol. 1). New York: Gardner Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  7. Hay, D. F., Ross, H. S., & Goldman, B. D. Social games in infancy. In B. Sutton-Smith (Ed.), Play and learning.New York: Gardner Press. 1979.Google Scholar
  8. Lamb, M. Father-child and mother-child interaction in the first year of life. Child Development, 1977, 48, 167–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lieberman, A. F. Preschoolers’ competence with a peer: Relations with attachment and peer experience. Child Development, 1977, 48, 1277–1287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mueller, E. Toddlers + toys - An autonomous social system. In M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum (Eds.), The child and its family. New York: Plenum Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  11. Mueller, E., & Brenner, J. The origins of social skill and interaction among playgroup toddlers. Child Development, 1977, 48, 854–861.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mueller, E., & Lucas, T. A. A developmental analysis of peer interaction among toddlers. In M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum (Eds.), Friendship and peer relations. New York: Wiley, 1975.Google Scholar
  13. Mueller, E., & Rich, A. Clustering and socially-directed behaviours in a playgroup of 1-year-olds. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1976, 17, 315–322.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mueller, E., & Vandell, D. Infant-infant interaction. In J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Handbook of infant development New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1979.Google Scholar
  15. Parke, R. D. Perspectives on father-infant interaction. In J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Handbook of infant development. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1979.Google Scholar
  16. Ross, H. S. The establishment of social games among toddlers. Developmental Psychology, 1982, 18, 509–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sherman, S. J. Social interchanges in children: Formation, stability, and contextual constraint. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1975.Google Scholar
  18. Vandell, D. L. Boy toddlers’ social interaction with mothers, fathers, and peers. (Doctoral dissertation, Boston University, 1977). Dissertation Abstracts International, 1977, 37, 6309B’6310B. (University Microfilms No. 77–11, 428)Google Scholar
  19. Vandell, D. L. Effects of a playgroup experience on mother-son and father-son interaction. Developmental Psychology, 1979, 15, 379–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Vandell, D. L., Wilson, K. S., & Buchanan, N. R. Peer interaction in the first year of life: An examination of its structure, content and sensitivity to toys. Child Development, 1980, 51, 481–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Vandell, D. L., Wilson, K. S., & Whalen, W. T. Birth order and social experience differences in infant-peer interaction. Developmental Psychology, 1981, 17, 438–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah Lowe Vandell
  • Kathy Shores Wilson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations