Geological and Oceanographical Studies in the Caspian Sea and Problems of Oil and Gas Deposits

  • Sh. F. Mekhtiyev
  • Z. A. Buniat-Zade
Conference paper


The Caspian Sea, a remnant of the ancient Tethys, which once engirdled the earth, is now the largest lake in the world; its elongate basin has an area of 400 thousand square kilometers (1200 km in length and about 325 km in width), with a maximum depth of 1010 m and with water level about 29 m below that of the oceans. There has been great interest since olden times in this basin because of its geographic position on the ancient trade routes connecting the East and West, its various natural phenomena, etc. The whole history through the centuries of various physiogeographic features and phenomena related to oil and gas is demonstrated in the Caspian Sea. The investigations during the past century of the geological structure of the bottom and of the economic mineral resources there can be divided into two main periods:
  1. 1.

    Pre-Soviet period from ancient times to 1920, and

  2. 2.

    Soviet period from 1921 to the present.



Soviet Period Offshore Drilling Oceanographical Study Manych Depression Economic Mineral Deposit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alikhanov, E. N. 1964. Oil and gas reservoirs in the Caspian Sea. (In Russian). Azerneshr Publishers, Baku.Google Scholar
  2. Alikhanov, E. N. 1978. Geology of the Caspian Sea. (In Russian). Elm Publishers, Baku.Google Scholar
  3. Alikhanov, E. N., Buniat-Zade, Z. A. and Abich, H. W. 1976. Die Geologie des Kaspisees. Zur Geschichte der Deutsch-Sowjetischen Beziehungen auf dem Gebiet der geologischen Wissenschaftes. Teil 3. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  4. Baghir-Zade, F. M. and Buryakovsky, L. A. 1974. Fundamentals of marine oilgas geology. (In Russian). Elm Publishers, Baku.Google Scholar
  5. Buniat-Zade, Z. A. 1971. On the history of research of gas-oil volcanism. Papers on the History of Geological and Geographical Sciences. (In Russian). 13th International Congress on History of Science. Nedra Publishers, Moscow.Google Scholar
  6. Buniat-Zade, Z. A. 1972. Classification of gas-oil volcanoes in the South-Caspian Depression. (In Russian). Sovetskaya Geologiya, No. 5.Google Scholar
  7. Buniat-Zade, Z. A. 1978. Witold Zglenickl a problem wydobycia ropy naftowej z dna marskiego. Notatki Plockie, 4/97.Google Scholar
  8. Gorin, V. A. and Buniat-Zade, Z. A. 1971. Abyssal fractures, mud volcanoes and and oil deposits in the western slope of the South-Caspian Depression. (In Russian). Azerneshr Publishers, Baku.Google Scholar
  9. Gyul, K. K. 1956. The Caspian Sea. (In Russian). Azerneshr Publishers, Baku.Google Scholar
  10. Klenova, M. V. 1948. Marine geology. (In Russian). Uchpedgiz Publishers, Moscow.Google Scholar
  11. Mekhtiyev, Sh. F. 1957. Oil resources of the Caspian Sea. (In Russian). Znaniye Publishers, Baku.Google Scholar
  12. Mekhtiyev, Sh. F. 1968. Basic steps in geological studies of Azerbaijan. (In Russian). Published by the Azerbaijan Institute of Oil and Chemistry, Baku.Google Scholar
  13. Mekhtiyev, Sh. F. and Buniat-Zade, Z. A. 1978. Azerbaijan is the motherland for the studies of oil geology and gas-oil volcanoes. International Committee on the History of Geological Sciences. INHIGEO. Abstract. VIII Symposium. Munster and Bonn, FRG. The United States and Developing World. Agenda for Action. Washington, 1973.Google Scholar
  14. Yusuf-Zade, Kh. B. 1979. Development and prospecting of offshore oil and gas deposits. (In Russian). Azerbaijan State Publishers, Baku.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sh. F. Mekhtiyev
  • Z. A. Buniat-Zade

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations