Geological and Oceanographical Studies in the Caspian Sea and Problems of Oil and Gas Deposits
The Caspian Sea, a remnant of the ancient Tethys, which once engirdled the earth, is now the largest lake in the world; its elongate basin has an area of 400 thousand square kilometers (1200 km in length and about 325 km in width), with a maximum depth of 1010 m and with water level about 29 m below that of the oceans. There has been great interest since olden times in this basin because of its geographic position on the ancient trade routes connecting the East and West, its various natural phenomena, etc. The whole history through the centuries of various physiogeographic features and phenomena related to oil and gas is demonstrated in the Caspian Sea. The investigations during the past century of the geological structure of the bottom and of the economic mineral resources there can be divided into two main periods:
Pre-Soviet period from ancient times to 1920, and
Soviet period from 1921 to the present.
KeywordsSoviet Period Offshore Drilling Oceanographical Study Manych Depression Economic Mineral Deposit
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