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The Application of Computers in Radiochemistry

  • R. K. Webster

Abstract

This chapter provides an introduction to on-line computing, and is intended as a summary of basic concepts to support the rest of the book. The aim is therefore to outline principles, and to describe a few typical examples or applications rather than to provide an extensive review of the literature. Computers now fill a very varied role in most branches of radiochemistry, and applications range from the direct use of computers as instruments (i.e. on-line computing) to complex data manipulation (off-line applications). To provide some coherence in the treatment, the major part of this chapter focusses on gamma-spectrometry and activation methods. An outline is given of the basic principles of multichannel analysers, and a simple account of the operation and programming of a small computer. This is followed by a fairly detailed description of the organisation, operation and use of a small computer as a single gamma-spectrometer, to illustrate techniques, advantages and limitations. Further sections summarise alternative methods of using dedicated computer units, for example for fully automated activation systems, and the use of medium-sized computers for simultaneous operation as several independent gamma-spectrometers. A final section summarises computer applications in some other branches of radiochemistry.

Keywords

Magnetic Tape Multichannel Analyser Small Computer Program Counter Arithmetic Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Webster
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Chemistry DivisionA.E.R.E.Harwell, Didcot, OxfordshireUK

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