Advertisement

Abstract

As far as we know flying aphids show only a very limited amount of selective orientation toward plants, and what they do show is visual rather than olfactory (Kennedy and Stroyan, 1959). That is to say selection of the appropriate host plant depends primarily on arrestant stimuli received after landing. This gives rise to some real problems which have seldom been considered. If selection does indeed depend on random landings most of which, therefore, occur on non-host plants, then it seems the aphids must make repeated landings and take-offs if they are to carry out enough “scanning” (sampling) of the flora. In fact, Moericke (1955) described just such a behaviour pattern long ago under the name Befallsflug [translated into English as “attacking flight” (Johnson, 1958) or “alighting flight” (Kennedy et al., 1961)]. This characterizes the behavioural phase which follows the phase of Distanzflug.

Keywords

Selective Orientation Wind Drift Alate Aphid Behavioural Phase Flight Chamber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. VAN EMDEN, H. F., EASTOP, V. F., HUGHES, R. D. and WAY, M. J. (1969): The ecology of Myzus persicae. Ann. Rev. Ent. 14, 197–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. JONHSON, B. (1958): Factors affecting the locomotor and settling responses of alateaphids. Anim. Behav. 6, 9–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. KENNEDY, J. S., BOOTH, C. O. and KERSHAW, W. J. S. (1961): Host finding by aphids in the field. III. Visual attraction. Ann. appl. Biol. 49, 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. KENNEDY, J. S. and FOSBROOKE, I. H. M. (1972): The plant in the life of an aphid. Symp. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 6, 129–140.Google Scholar
  5. KENNEDY, J. S. and LUDLOW, A. R. (1974): Co-ordination of two kinds of flight activity in an aphid. J. exp. Biol. 61, 173–196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. KENNEDY, J. S. and STROYAN, H. L. G. (1959): Biology of aphids. Ann. Rev. Ent. 4, 139–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. KENNEDY, J. S. and THOMAS, A. A. G. (1974): Behaviour of some low-flying aphids in wind. Ann. appl. Biol. 76, 143–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. MOERICKE, V. (1955): Über die Lebensgewohnheiten der geflügelten Blattläuse (Aphidina) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Verhaltens beim Landen. Z. ang. Ent. 37, 29–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. TAYLOR, L. R. (1960): The distribution of insects at low levels in the air. J. Anim. Ecol. 29, 45–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. TAYLOR, L. R. (1974): Insect migration, flight periodicity and the boundary layer. J. Anim. Ecol. 43, 225–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. WIGGLESWORTH, V. B. (1972): The principles of insect physiology. London, Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Kennedy
    • 1
  1. 1.Imperial College Field StationAscot, BerksUK

Personalised recommendations