Social Experience as a Determinant of Normal Behavior and Drug Effect

  • Luigi Valzelli


Variability in response to drug treatment often makes it difficult to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of psychotropic drugs and to utilize them correctly in clinical practice. Over the past 30 years, such variability has led to a still-growing and rather confusing body of knowledge relating to such issues as environment, personality characteristics of patients and of doctors, attitude, expectations, and related concepts, all of which have been described as capable of influencing drug responses (Forrest et al., 1967; Freund et al., 1972; Klerman, 1963; Heimann, 1969; McNair et al, 1970a,b; Overall et al., 1969).


Psychotropic Drug Social Experience Exploratory Activity Environmental Enrichment Brain Weight 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luigi Valzelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche “Mario Negri”MilanItaly

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