Polyelectrolytes with hydrophobic side chains may under appropriate conditions exhibit behavior typical of soap micelles. They may solubilize organic molecules normally insoluble in water and assume conformations distinctly more compact than those attainable by ordinary polymer molecules in solution. Studies on the physical chemical properties of such hydrophobic polyelectrolytes will be reviewed with special emphasis on the relevance of the findings to analogous properties of ordinary micelles. Topics to be treated include the effects of electrical charge and hydrophobic group size of the polyelectrolytes as well as general and specific effects of added small ions and solubilizates on the conformation and intramolecular interactions of the macromolecules.
KeywordsCritical Micelle Concentration Vinyl Ether Maleic Anhydride Sodium Oleate Hydrophobic Side Chain
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