Critical Evaluation of the Token Economy

  • Alan E. Kazdin
Part of the The Plenum Behavior Therapy Series book series (PBTS)


The accomplishments of the token economy have been impressive. Although early programs in the field effected notable change, the techniques for changing behavior, for ensuring responsiveness of patients who do not initially respond to the contingencies, and for maintaining behavior and developing transfer have evolved considerably. Overall, the technical advances have been marked.


Behavior Change Intrinsic Motivation Psychiatric Patient Target Behavior Social Validation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan E. Kazdin
    • 1
  1. 1.The Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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