The Chemistry of Wool Finishing

  • C. S. Whewell

Abstract

Although wool finishing is as old as clothmaking itself, it is only comparatively recently that the subject has been treated in a scientific manner. Cloth as it is received from the loom or the knitting machine is generally unacceptable to the consumer, as it is often greasy and dirty and is aesthetically unattractive. The object of finishing is to convert the “gray” cloth into a more desirable state. Until comparatively recently this was done by a sequence of operations which involved such processes as inspection of gray material, setting (crabbing or blowing), scouring, milling, hydroextracting, drying, raising, brushing, cutting, dry blowing (semidecating), and pressing. The precise details of these operations vary according to the type of cloth and differ from factory to factory. Examples of the routine adopted in finishing several of the more common wool fabrics are described in the literature(1) and form the basis of all wool finishing.

Keywords

Sulfuric Acid Cerium Diamine Grease Polyol 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. S. Whewell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Textile IndustriesUniversity of LeedsYorkshireEngland

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