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Helium Storage at High Density and Discharge at High Flow Rates

  • D. E. Daney
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 23)

Abstract

The Air Force Weapons Laboratory requires bulk storage and discharge of cryogenic helium at densities approaching 0.2 × 103 kg/m3 (12.5 lb/ft3) and pulsed flow rates of several kg/s—conditions significantly in excess of previous applications. By comparison, the Apollo Lunar Module Helium Storage System has a fill density of 0.13 × 103 kg/m3 (8.1 lb/ft3) and a discharge rate of 0.04 kg/sec (0.09 lb/sec) [1]. In order to demonstrate the practical feasibility of a system meeting these requirements, the NBS Cryogenics Division was asked to design, build, and demonstrate a system to: (1) store helium in a dewar at a density approaching 0.2 × 103kg/m3 with a pressure less than 10.3 MPa; (2) discharge helium in pulses of 2 sec or more and at a flow rate of at least 1.0 kg/sec at greater than 3.5 MPa pressure.

Keywords

Heat Exchanger High Flow Rate Cold Fluid Heat Leak Fill Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    R. Haslett, G. R. Pinter, and P. Sanicola, Bull. IIR Annexe 1966-5 (1966), p. 415.Google Scholar
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    D. E. Daney, NBSIR-76-850 (1976).Google Scholar
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    R. D. McCarty, NBS Tech. Note 631 (1972).Google Scholar
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    L. B. Evans, R. C. Reid, and E. M. Drake, AIChEJ. 14: 251 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. E. Daney, Intern. J. Heat Mass Transfer 19: 431 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press · New York and London 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. E. Daney
    • 1
  1. 1.National Bureau of StandardsBoulderUSA

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