Coronaviruses

  • Arnold S. Monto

Abstract

The coronaviruses are a group of RNA-containing agents which have been associated with respiratory illnesses in man and with a number of other diseases in laboratory and domestic animals. The name for the group was adopted to describe the characteristic fringe of crownlike projections seen around the viruses by electron microscopy; these projections are rounded, rather than sharp or pointed as is the case with the myxoviruses. Like the myxoviruses, the coronaviruses contain essential lipid and are 80–160 nm in diameter.(18) While the animal strains are readily isolated in several different systems, recovery of the human strains has posed major problems. A number of these strains have been isolated only in organ culture of the human respiratory tract. This factor has rendered difficult determination of the relationship among isolates and complicated efforts at understanding the role of these viruses in human respiratory illness. Therefore, much of the information on the epidemiology of the agents has come from serological studies.

Keywords

Hepatitis Influenza Diarrhea OC43 229E Kelly 

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Suggested Reading

  1. Bradburne, A. F., and Tyrrell, D. A. J., Coronaviruses of man. Prog. Med. Virol. 13: 373–403 (1971).Google Scholar
  2. Hamre, D., and Beem, M., Virologie studies of acute respiratory disease in young adults. V. Coronavirus 229E infections during six years of surveillance. Am. J. Epidemiol. 96: 94–106 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kaye, H. S., Marsh, H. B., and Dowdle, W. R., Seroepidemiologic survey of Coronavirus (strain OC43) re-lated infections in a children’s population. Am. J. Epidemiol. 94:4–-49 (1971).Google Scholar
  4. McIntosh, K., Kapekian, A. Z., Turner, H., C., Hartley, J. W., PARROTT, R. H., and Chanock, R. M., Seroepidemiologic studies of Coronavirus infection in adults and children. Am. J. Epidemiol. 91: 585–592 (1970).Google Scholar
  5. Monto, A., S., and Lim, S. K., The Tecumseh study of respiratory illness. VI. Frequency of and relationship between outbreaks of Coronavirus infection, J. Infect. Dis. 129: 271–276 (1974).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arnold S. Monto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public HealthUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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