Advertisement

Optical Spectroscopy of Short-Lived Isotopes

  • H.-Jürgen Kluge
Part of the Physics of Atoms and Molecules book series (PAMO)

Abstract

This chapter will concentrate on a special branch of the large field of optical spectroscopy, namely, the study of hyperfine structure (hfs) and isotope shift (IS) of short-lived isotopes. Such investigations give information on some basic properties of these nuclei: the spin ( ), the magnetic moment (μI), the spectroscopic quadrupole moment (Q s ), and the change of the mean square charge radius between different isotopes (δr 2〉).

Keywords

Optical Spectroscopy Laser Spectroscopy Isotope Shift Atomic Beam Spin Exchange 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    H. Kopfermann, Nuclear Moments, Academic Press, New York (1956).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. F. Ramsey, Molecular Beams, Oxford Clarendon Press, Oxford (1972).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. H. Fuller, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 5, 835 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. C. Seltzer, Phys. Rev. 188, 1916 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Brix and H. Kopfermann, Rev. Mod. Phys. 30, 517 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. N. Stacey, Rep. Prog. Phys. 29, 171 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Heilig and A. Steudel, At. Data Nucl Data Tables 14, 613 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Bauche and R. J. Champeau, Adv. At. Mol. Phys. 12, 39 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Engfer, H. Schneuwly, J. L. Vuillenmier, H. K. Walter, and A. Zehnder, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 509 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Boehm and P. L. Lee, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 605 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. W. de Jager, H. de Vries, and C. de Vries, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 479 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Brack, J. Damgaard, H. C. Pauli, A. S. Jensen, V. M. Strutinsky, and C. Y. Wong, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 320 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. D. Myers, Phys. Lett. 30B, 451 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. D. Myers, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 17, 411 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. E. G. Löbner, M. Vetter, and V. Hönig, Nucl. Data Tables A7, 495 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. E. Fradkin, Sov. Phys.-JETP 15, 550 (1962) [ZA. Eksper. Teor. Fiz. 42, 787 (1962)].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Stavn and W. T. Walter, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 10 (1964).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Bonn, G. Huber, H.-J. Kluge, and E.-W. Otten, Z. Phys. A276, 203 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Kastler, J. Phys. Radium 11, 225 (1950).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Brossel, Quantum Optics and Electronics, Gordon and Breach, New York (1964).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. A. Bernheim, Optical Pumping, Benjamin, New York (1965).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. Cohen-Tannoudji and A. Kastler, in Progress in Optics, Ed. E. Wolf, Vol. V, p. 1, North-Holland, Amsterdam (1966).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 170 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    B. Cagnac, Ann. Phys. Paris 6, 467 (1961).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Ann. Phys. Paris 7, 423, 469 (1962).zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. R. de Groot, H. A. Tolhoek, and W. J. Huiskamp, in Alpha-, Beta-and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy, Ed. K. Siegbahn, Chapter XIXB, North-Holland, Amsterdam (1966).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. M. Purcell and G. B. Field, Astrophys. J. 124, 542 (1956).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. P. Wittke and R. H. Dicke, Phys. Rev. 103, 620 (1956).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. G. Dehmelt, Phys. Rev. 109, 381 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    C. S. Wu and S. A. Moszowski, Beta Decay, Interscience Publishers, Wiley, New York (1966).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    G. Huber, J. Bonn, H.-J. Kluge, and E.-W. Otten, Z. Phys. A 276, 187 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. Bohr and V. F. Weisskopf, Phys. Rev. 77, 94 (1950).ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ch. v. Platen, J. Bonn, U. Köpf, R. Neugart, and E.-W. Otten, Z. Phys. 244, 44 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    E. Matthias, B. Olsen, D. A. Shirtley, J. E. Templeton, and R. M. Steffen, Phys. Rev. A 4, 1626 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Brossel and F. Bitter, Phys. Rev. 86, 308 (1952).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    U. Cappeller and W. Mazurkewitz, J. Mag. Res. 10, 15 (1973).ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    E.-W. Otten, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Properties of Nuclei Far from the Region of β-Stability, Leysin 1970, Vol. 1, p. 361, CERN Yellow Report No. 70-30, Geneva (1970).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    E.-W. Otten, in Atomic Physics 2, Proceedings of the International Conference on Atomic Physics, Oxford 1970, Ed. P. G. H. Sandars, p. 113, Plenum Press, New York (1971).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    E.-W. Otten, in Hyperfine Interaction in Excited Nuclei, Proceedings of the International Conference on Hyperfine Interaction, Rehovot and Jerusalem 1970, Eds. G. Goldring and R. Kalish, p. 363, Gordon and Breach, New York (1971).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    H. J. Besch, U. Köpf, and E.-W. Otten, Phys. Lett. 25B, 120 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    H. J. Besch, U. Köpf, E.-W. Otten, and Ch. v. Platen, Phys. Lett. 26B, 721 (1968); Z. Phys. 226, 297 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    R. Neugart, Z. Phys. 261, 237 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    M. Deimling, J. Dietrich, R. Neugart, and H. Schweickert in “Abstracts of Contributed Papers of the Fourth International Conference on Atomic Physics,” Heidelberg, 1974, Eds. J. Kowalski and H. G. Weber, p. 207 (1974).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    H. Schweickert, J. Dietrich, R. Neugart, and E.-W. Otten, Nucl. Phys. A246, 187 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    M. Deimling, R. Neugart, H. Schweickert, Z. Phys. A273, 15 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    R. Neugart, private communication.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    G. Rudstam, Z. Naturforsch. 21A, 1027 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    H. L. Ravn, in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Nuclei Far from Stability, Cargèse 1976, p. 22, CERN Yellow Report (1976); Nucl. Instr. Methods 139, 282, 267 (1976).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    W. L. Talbert, in Proceedings of the International Conference on the Properties of Nuclei Far from the Region of Beta-Stability, Leysin 1970, Vol. 1, p. 109, CERN Yellow Report No. 70-30, Geneva (1970).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    J. Bonn, F. Buchinger, P. Dabkiewicz, H. Fischer, S. L. Kaufman, H.-J. Kluge, H. Kremmling, L. Kugler, R. Neugart, E.-W. Otten, L. von Reisky, J. M. Rodriguez-Giles, H.-J. Steinacher, and K. P. C. Spath, to be published in Hyperfine Interactions (1978).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. Klapisch, C. Thibault-Phillipe, C. Detraz, J. Chaumont, R. Bernas, and E. Beck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 652 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    H. Fischer, P. Dabkiewicz, P. Freilinger, H.-J. Kluge, H. Kremmling, R. Neugart, and E.-W. Otten, Z. Phys. A284, 3 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    C. Ekström, S. Ingelman, G. Wannberg, and M. Skarestad, in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Nuclei Far from Stability, Cargèse 1976, p. 193, CERN Yellow Report No. 76-13, Geneva (1976).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    W. J. Tomlinson III and H. H. Stroke, Nucl. Phys. 60, 614 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    S. P. Davis, T. Aung, and H. Kleiman, Phys. Rev. 147, 861 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    P. A. Moskowitz, C. H. Liu, L. Fulop, and H. H. Stroke, Phys. Rev. C 4, 620 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    R. J. Reiman and M. N. McDermott, Phys. Rev. C 7, 2065 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    J. M. Rodriguez, J. Bonn, G. Huber, H.-J. Kluge, and E.-W. Otten, Z. Phys. A272, 369 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    J. Bonn, G. Huber, H.-J. Kluge, K. Köpf, L. Kugler, and E.-W. Otten, Phys. Lett. 36B, 41 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    J. Bonn, G. Huber, H.-J. Kluge, L. Kugler, and E.-W. Otten, Phys. Lett. 38B, 308 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    J. Bonn, G. Huber, H.-J. Kluge, E.-W. Otten, and D. Lode, Z. Phys. A272, 375 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    E.-W. Otten, J. Phys. (Paris), 34, 63 (1973) (Colloque C4, suppl. to No. 11-12).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    E.-W. Otten, Hyperfine Interactions 2, 127 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    H.-J. Kluge, in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Nuclei Far from Stability, Cargèse 1976, p. 177, CERN Yellow Report No. 76-13, Geneva (1976).Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    E.-W. Otten, in Atomic Physics, Vol. 5, Eds. R. Marrus, M. Prior, and H. Shugart, Plenum Publishing Corp., New York (1977).Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    W. M. Fairbanks, Jr., T. W. Hänsch, and A. L. Shalow, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 199 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    F. P. Schäfer, Ed., Dye Lasers, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 1, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1973).Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    W. Demtröder, Phys. Rep. 7, 223 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    W. Lange, J. Luther, and A. Steudel, Adv. At. Mol. Phys. 10, 173 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    H. Walther, Phys. Scr. 9, 297 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    H. Walter, Ed., Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 2, Springer Verlag, Berlin (1975).Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    S. Jacobs, M. Sargent, J. Scott, and M. Scully, Laser Applications to Optics and Spectroscopy, Physics of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 2, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Massachusetts (1975).Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    M. J. Colles and C. R. Pidgeon, Rep. Progr. Phys. 38, 329 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    R. A. Smith, Ed., Very High Resolution Spectroscopy, Academic Press, London (1976).Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    K. Shimoda, Ed., High Resolution Laser Spectroscopy, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 13, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1976).Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    R. Baliau, S. Haroche, and S. Liberman, Eds., Frontiers in Laser Spectroscopy, Les Houches Summer School Proceedings, North-Holland, Amsterdam (1977).Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    G. Huber, C. Thibault, R. Klapisch, H. T. Duong, J. L. Vialle, J. Pinard, P. Juncar, and P. Jacquinot, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1209 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    G. Huber, R. Klapisch, C. Thibault, H. T. Duong, P. Juncar, S. Liberman, J. Pinard, J.-L. Vialle, and P. Jacquinot, in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Nuclei Far from Stability, Cargèse 1976, p. 188, CERN Yellow Report No. 76-13, Geneva (1976).Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    C. Thibault, R. Klapisch, C. Rigaud, A. M. Poskanzer, R. Prieels, L. Lessard, and W. Reisdorf, Phys. Rev. C 12, 644 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    X. Campi, H. Flocard, A. K. Kernan, and S. Koonin, Nucl. Phys. A251, 193 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    C. Duke, H. Fischer, H.-J. Kluge, H. Kremmling, T. Kühl, and E.-W. Otten, Phys. Lett. 60A, 303 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Opt. 11, 895 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    R. Wallenstein and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 4, 353 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    T. Kühl, P. Dabkiewicz, C. Duke, H. Fischer, H.-J. Kluge, H. Kremmling, and E.-W. Otten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 180 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    H. R. Collard, L. R. V. Elton, and R. Hofstadter, in Kernradien, Landolt-Börnstein, Neue Serie, Vol. 2, Eds. K. H. Hellwege and H. Schopper, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1967).Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    M. Beiner and R. J. Lombard, Phys. Lett. 47B, 399 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    P. Brix and H. Kopfermann, Z Phys. 126, 344 (1949).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    B. S. Reehal and R. A. Sorensen, Nucl. Phys. A161, 385 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    J. H. Hamilton et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 562 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    C. Bourgeois et al., J. Phys. 37, 49 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    D. Proetel, R. M. Diamond, P. Kienle, J. R. Leigh, K. H. Maier, and F. S. Stephens, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 896 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    D. Proetel, R. M. Diamond, and F. S. Stephens, Phys. Lett. 48B, 102 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    R. Béraud, C. Bourgeois, M. G. Desthuilliers, P. Kilcher, and J. Letessier, J. Phys. Colloque C5, 101 (1975).Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    N. Rud, D. Ward, H. R. Andrews, R. L. Graham, and J. S. Geiger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 1421 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    J. D. Cole et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1185 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    S. Frauendorf and V. V. Pashkevich, Phys. Lett. 55B, 365 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    D. Kolb and C. Y. Wong, Nucl. Phys. A245, 205 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    E. L. Church and J. Wesener, Phys. Rev. 103, 1035 (1956).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    R. S. Hager and E. C. Seltzer, Nucl. Data Tables A6, 1 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    D. Kolb, private communication.Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    G. Huber, H.-J. Kluge, L. Kugler, and E.-W. Otten, Z. Phys. A272, 381 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    N. S. Laulainen and M. N. McDermott, Phys. Rev. 177, 1606 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    G. Nowicki, K. Bekk, S. Göring, A. Hanser, H. Revel, and G. Schatz, private communication and Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 332 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    S. L. Kaufman, Opt. Commun. 17, 309 (1976).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    K.-R. Anton, S. L. Kaufman, W. Klempt, G. Moruzzi, R. Neugart, E.-W. Otten, and B. Schinzler, submitted for publication in Phys. Rev. Lett.; Proceedings of the Third International Conference of Laser Spectroscopy, Jackson Lake Lodge, Wyoming 1977, Laser Spectroscopy III, p. 446, Eds. J. L. Hall and J. L. Carlsten, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1977).Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Th. Meier, H. Hühnermann, and H. Wagner, Opt. Commun. 20, 397 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.-Jürgen Kluge
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für PhysikUniversität MainzMainzGermany

Personalised recommendations