Motor Vehicle Occupant Restraint Policy

  • Joan Claybrook
Part of the Advances in Risk Analysis book series (AIRA, volume 1)


In 1980, more than 51,000 Americans were killed on our nation’s highways, approximately the number of Americans killed in the entire Vietnam War. About 34,890, or about 70%, of these highway fatalities were occupants of cars, light trucks, or vans [1]. About half of these vehicle occupants could have been saved from death (and many more from serious injury) by properly using vehicle occupant restraints [2]. Other vehicle design changes could prevent additional deaths and mitigate the severity of injuries. This has been demonstrated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) Research Safety Vehicle Program and New Car Assessment Program [3] .


Seat Belt Restraint System Safety Belt Front Seat Belt System 
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  1. 1.
    B. M. Phillips, “Safety Belt Usage Among Drivers; Use of Child Restraint Devices,” U.S. Department of Transportation, May 1980, DOT/HS 805 398.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. M. Phillips, unpublished progress report to NHTSA, May 21, 1981.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. L. Perry, K. W. Heathington, J. W. Philpot et al., “Impact of a Child Passenger Restraint Law and A Public Information and Education Program on Child Passenger Safety in Tennessee,” U.S. Department of Transportation, October 1980, DOT/HS 805 640.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan Claybrook
    • 1
  1. 1.Washington D.C.USA

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