Applications of Laser Spectroscopy

  • Herbert Walther

Abstract

The laser has become an important tool for studying elementary chemical processes and for analytical applications, while the use of lasers to initiate chemical reactions by selective excitation of reactants is still very much in its infancy and the awaited breakthrough has not yet occurred. It may be that recent developments in laser technology, e.g. excimer lasers will change the whole picture, and that applications in chemistry such as laser-induced chemical reactions or synthesis will come close to reality.

Keywords

Dust Microwave Graphite Fluor Stein 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    V. S. Lethokov, and C. B. Moore in: “Chemical and Biochemical Applications of Lasers” Vol. III, ed. C. B. Moore (Academic Press, New York, 1977, p. 1.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Wolfrum, to be published Ber. Bunsenges. physik. Chem. and Report No 21 of the MPI für Strömungsforschung, 1981Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. F. Deutsch, D. J. Ehrlich, and R. M. Osgood Jr., Appl. Phys. Lett. 35:175 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. S. Letokhov, Contribution in this volume.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Laubereau, Contribution in this volume.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. V. Ambartzumian, and V. S. Letokhov, Appl. Opt. 11:354 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Ben-Shoul, Y. Haas, K. L. Kompa, and R. D. Levine in: “Lasers and Chemical Change”, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 10 (Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York) 1981 and “Photoselective Chemistry”, Part 1 and 2, eds. J. Jortner, R. D. Levine and S. A. Rice (Wiley, Interscience, New York) 1981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. J. Odiorne, P. R. Brooks, J. V. V. Kasper, J. Chem. Phys. 55:1980 (1971) J. C. Pruett, F. R. Grabinger, P. R. Brooks, J. Chem. Phys. 60:3335 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Wolfrum, Ber. Bunsenges. physik. Chem. 81:114 (1977) and M. Kueba, J. Wolfrum, Ann. Rev. Chem. 31:47 (1980)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. G. Pruett, R. N. Zare, J. Chem. Phys. 64:1774 (1976) and Z. Karny, R. N. Zare, J. Chem. Phys. 68:3360 (1978) and Z. Karny, R. C. Estler, R. N. Zare, J. Chem. Phys. 69:5199 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Schultz, H. W. Cruse, and R. N. Zare, J. Chem. Phys. 57:1354 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. J. Dagdigian, H. W. Cruse, A. Schultz, R. N. Zare, J. Chem. Phys. 61:4450 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. W. Cruse, P. J. Dagdigian, R. N. Zare, Foraday Discussion 55:277 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. P. Smith, R. N. Zare, Chem. Phys. 64:2632 (1976)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. J. Dagdigian, H. W. Cruse, R. N. Zare, Chem. Phys. 15:249 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. R. Dickson, J. B. Kinney, R. N. Zare, Chem. Phys. 15:243 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Schmidt, A. Sigel, A. Schultz, Chem.Phys. 16:161 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Rommel, A. Schultz, Ber. Bunsenges. physik. Chem. 81:139 (1977)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    I. P. Herman, R. P. Mariella, Jr., A. Javan, J. Chem. Phys. 68:1070 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. Liu, J. M. Parson, J. Chem. Phys. 67:1813 (1977) and J. Chem. Phys. 68:1794 (1978)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. Pasternack, P.J. Dagdigian, J. Chem. Phys. 67:3854 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. A. Silver, W. L. Dimpfl, J. H. Brophy, J. L. Kinsey, J. Chem. Phys. 65:1811 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. P. Mariella, Jr., B. Lantzsch, V. T. Maxson, A. C. Luntz, J. Chem. Phys. 69:5411 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. H. Brophy, J. A. Silver, J. L. Kinsey, J. Chem. Phys. 62:3820 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ch. T. Rettner, J. F. Cordova, J. L. Kinsey, J. Chem. Phys. 72: 5280 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. J. Murphy, J. H. Brophy, G. S. Arnold, W. L. Dimpfl, J. L. Kinsey, J. Chem. Phys. 74:324 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    L. Stein, J. Wanner, H. Walther, J. Chem. Phys. 72:1128 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. A. A. Clyne, I. S. McDermid, J. Chem. Soc. Feraday Trans. II, 73:1094 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    L. Stein, J. Wanner, H. Figger, and H. Walther, in: “Laser-Induced Processes in Molecules”, edited by K.L. Kompa and S. D. Smith, Springer Series in Chemical Physics, Vol. 6, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1979, p.232Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    T. Trickl, PhD Thesis, Universitat München 1982Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. M. Ferrar, Y. T. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 63:3639 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Höger, W. Krieger, T. Rüegg, H. Walther, J. Chem. Phys. 70:2859 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. Höger, W. Krieger, T. Rüegg, H. Walther, J. Chem. Phys. 72:4286 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. D. Lambert, R. Salter, Proc. R. Soc. (London) Ser. A 253:277 (1959)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    F. Frenkel, J. Höger, W. Krieger, H. Walther, C. T. Campbell, G. Ertl, H. Kuipers, J. Segner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 46:152 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    G. M. McClelland, G. D. Kubiak, H. G. Rennagel, R. N. Zare, Phys. Rev. Lett. 46:831 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    F. Frenkel, J. Höger, W. Krieger, H. Walther, C. T. Campbell, G. Ertl, H. Kuipers, J. Segner in: “Laser Spectroscopy V” ed. by A. R. W. McKellar, T. Oka, B. P. Stoicheff, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1981, p. 425Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    J. W. Hepburn, F. J. Nothrup, G. L. Ogram, J. C. Polanyi, and J. M. Williamson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 85: 127 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. W. Kleyn, A. C. Luntz, and D. J. Auerbach, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47:1169 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. C. Luntz, A. W. Kleyn, and D. J. Auerbach, J. Chem. Phys. 76:737 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. R. Cavanagh, and D. S. King, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47:1829 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    L. D. Talley, W. A. Sanders, D. J. Bogan, and M. C. Lin, Chem. Phys. Lett. 66:500 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    F. Frenkel, J. Höger, W. Krieger, H. Walther, G. Ertl, J. Segner, W. Kielhuber, Chem. Phys. Lett. 90:225 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    D. L. Smith, and R. P. Merrill, J. Chem. Phys. 52:5861 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    G. Boato, P. Cantini, C. Guidi, R. Tatarek, Phys. Rev. B 20:3957 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    R. M. Logan, and R. E. Stickney, J. Chem. Phys. 44:195 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    W. L. Nichols, and J. H. Weare, J. Chem. Phys. 63:379 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    W. H. Weinberg, and R. P. Merrill, J. Chem. Phys. 56:2881 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    W. H. Weinberg, and R. P. Merrill, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 8:718 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    C. E. Brown, and D. G. Hall, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 42:334 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    F. Frenkel, J. Höger, W. Krieger, H. Walther, G. Ertl, H. Robota, J. Segner, and W. Vielhaber, to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    H. Walther, Laser Investigations in the Atmosphere, in: “Festkörperprobleme (Advances in Solid State Physics)”, Vol. XX, p. 327, ed. J. Treusch, Vieweg, Braunschweig 1980Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    D. K. Killinger, A. Mooradian, eds., Workshop on Optical and Laser Remote Sensing, Proceedings of the Workshop Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, to be published 1982Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    R. L. Byer, L. A. Shepp, Opt. Lett. 4:75 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    U. Platt, D. Perner, H. W. Patz, Journ. Geophys. Rev. 84:6329 (1979); D. Perner, U. Platt, Geophys. Lett. 6:917 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    R. T. Menzies, M. S. Shumate, Science 184:570 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    R. L. Byer, M. Garbuny, Appl. Optics, 12:1496 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3:114 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 4:181 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    S. Svanberg in: “Surveillance of Environmental Pollution and Resources by Electromagnetic Waves — Principles and Applications”, T. Lund, ed., Nato Advanced Study Institute Series, D. Reichel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1978Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    K. W. Rothe, H. Walther in: “Tunable Lasers and Applications”, A. Mooradian, T. Jaeger, P. Stokseth, eds., Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 3, Springer Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1976Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    W. Baumer, PhD Thesis, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität, München, July 1979Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    H. A. Bethe, and E. A. Salpeter, “Quantum mechanics of one and two electron atoms”, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg 1957MATHGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    S. Haroche in: “Atomic Physics 7”, D. Kleppner, and F. M. Pipkin, eds., Plenum Press, New York, London 1981, p.141Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    G. Rempe, Diplomarbeit, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, 1982Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    T. F. Gallagher, and W. E. Cooke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42:835 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    S. Haroche, C. Fabre, P. Goy, M. Gross, and J. M. Raymond in: “Laser Spectroscopy IV”, H. Walther, and K. W. Rothe, eds., Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 21, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1979Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    E. J. Beiting, G. F. Hildebrandt, F. G. Kellert, G. W. Foltz, K. A. Smith, F. B. Dunning, and R. F. Stebbing, J. Chem. Phys. 70:3551 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    H. Figger, G. Leuchs, R. Straubinger, H. Walther, Opt. Comm. 33:37 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    P. R. Koch, H. Hieronymus, A. F. J. Van Raan, W. Raith, Physics Letters 75 A:273 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    R. H. Dicke, Phys. Rev. 93:99 (1954)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    A. Crubelier, S. Liberman, P. Pillet, Phys. Rev. Letters 41:1237 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    M. Gross, P. Goy, C. Fabre, S. Haroche, J. M. Raimond, Phys. Rev. Letters 43:343 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    L. Moi, C. Fabre, P. Goy, M. Gross, S. Haroche, P. Encrenaz, G. Beaudin, B. Lazareff, Opt. Comm. 33:47 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    T. W. Ducas, W. P. Spencer, A. G. Vaidyanathan, W. H. Hamilton, and D. Kleppner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35:382 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    S. Haroche, private communication.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Walther
    • 1
  1. 1.Sektion PhysikUniversität München and Max-Planck-Institut für QuantenoptikGarching/MünchenFed. Rep. Germany

Personalised recommendations