Theoretical and Experimental Developments in Ultrasonic Evaluation of Periodic Surfaces
Most ultrasonic NDE experiments and their theoretical models deal with perfectly smooth interfaces, but true materials generally exhibit rough interfaces. As an approach to include the ultrasonic scattering which occurs on the different interfaces along the beam path, the reflection factors of acoustic waves diffracted by periodic surfaces is investigated theoretically and experimentally by looking at the frequency dependence of the reflected signal. Mode conversion bulk and surface waves are shown to be the result of strong coupling between the incident wave and the geometry of the grating. As a consequence, the geometrical parameters of the interface can be obtained to within 5%.
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