Lactation pp 405-421 | Cite as

Lactation and Contraception

  • James A. McGregor


Much controversy surrounds the theoretical and practical considerations of fertility control for lactating women.1–3 The positive benefits of breastfeeding are increasingly promoted, often without mention of the complex interplay between lactation, fertility, and the individual woman’s reproductive “life plan.”4,5 Because use of contraceptive devices and practices, other than condoms and abstinence, may affect the quality and adequacy of breast feeding, it is appropriate to review the interaction between these modern-day imperatives, breast-feeding and fertility control. In order to place these concerns in perspective, we will examine the length and degree of infertility associated with lactational amenorrhea and the proven and likely influences of different contraceptive formulations and devices on milk production and composition as well as their possible effects on the duration of lactation.


Breast Milk Human Milk Contraceptive Method Lactate Woman Ethinyl Estradiol 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. McGregor
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineDenverUSA

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