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Recent Progress in the Studies of Molecular and Microstructure of Interfaces in Composites, Coatings and Adhesive Joints

  • Hatsuo Ishida

Abstract

Recent progress in the studies of molecular and microstructure of interfaces and interphases in composites, coatings and adhesive joints is reviewed. Remarkable progress has been made in elucidating the structure of silane coupling agents and their function with respect to dry and wet strengths of multiphase systems. Amino-silanes attracted major effort in the past. It is now understood that the structure of partially cured hydrolyzate is complicated. When adsorbed from a natural pH solution and dried in air at room temperature, approximately half of the amine groups form amine bicarbonate salt with the CO2 in air. The rest of the amine groups are either intra- and intermolecularly hydrogen bonded to neighboring silanol groups or free from hydrogen bonding. There exists chemical bonding at the glass/silane or metal/ silane interfaces. The surface characteristics, including acidity, topology and homogeneity, influence the structure of the coupling agent. The coupling agent interphase shows a gradient in various properties.

Keywords

Coupling Agent Silane Layer Adhesive Joint Alkoxy Group Thermally Stimulate Current 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hatsuo Ishida
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Macromolecular ScienceCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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