Analytical Methodology for the Determination of PCDDs and PCDFs in Products and Environmental Samples: An Overview and Critique

  • Warren B. Crummett
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 26)


Progress in the development of analytical methodology for the determination of chlorinated dibenzodioxins (CDDs) and dibenzofurans (CDFs) in products and environmental samples has been extensive and dramatic during the last decade. Thus, the limit of detection for the tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (TCDD) in products has been lowered from one part per million in 1969 to 1 part per billion in 1980. Similarly the limit of detection for 2,3,7,8-TCDD in environmental samples has developed to a part per trillion in 1978 from 50 parts per billion in 1970. Furthermore, the ability to separate a specific isomer in a particular isomer group from all of its isomers and other congeners has advanced from the ability to separate 2,3,7,8-TCDD from only two of its isomers in 1974 to an ability to separate all of the 22 TCDD isomers in 1978. Likewise all 10 isomers of HP6CDD have been separated as have the two isomers of H7CDD.


High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Chlorine Isotope Specific Isomer Bull Environ Contam Toxicol Phase High Pressure Liquid Chromatography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Warren B. Crummett
    • 1
  1. 1.Analytical LaboratoriesDow Chemical, USAMidlandUSA

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