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Pathophysiology of Nephrolithiasis

  • Jeffrey Freitag
  • Keith Hruska

Abstract

Urolithiasis is a significant cause of morbidity with an incidence in the American population of about 1%, accounting for approximately one of every 1000 hospital admissions. For the United States there are “stone belts” (e.g., the Southeast) where the prevalence of urolithiasis is considerably higher. Because of this high incidence, urolithiasis is a major cause of patient suffering both economically (medical costs and time lost from work) and physically. Urolithiasis is a frequent cause of renal colic. The scars and urinary tract obstruction caused by urolithiasis may lead to chronic urinary tract infection and pyelonephritis.

Keywords

Uric Acid Stone Formation Calcium Oxalate Urinary Calcium Excretion Urinary Oxalate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Suggested Readings

General

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey Freitag
    • 1
  • Keith Hruska
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MedicineWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineWashington University School of Medicine and The Jewish Hospital of St. LouisSt. LouisUSA

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