Advertisement

Defect Structures in Phosphors by Radiationless Transitions

  • R. Grasser
  • A. Scharmann

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to emphasize the importance of defect production and defect motion in the radiationless deactivation of excited luminescent materials. The presentation is essentially confined to alkali halides and to oxygen-dominated phosphors. Both systems strongly interact with ionizing radiation fields. In the beginning, we discuss the formation of intrinsic defects by charge redistribution in halides and in oxygen-dominated phosphors. Athermal migration of pre-existing defects in solids, as a further radiationless channel is presented. A more detailed discussion is devoted to the radiolysis in halide compounds. In the last part of our paper, laser induced optical breakdown in dielectrics is briefly described.

Keywords

Hole Center Solid State Phys Alkali Halide Optical Breakdown Charge Redistribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. N. Kabler, in Radiation Damage Processes in Materials ( C. H. S. Dubuy, ed.) Noordhoff International Publishing, Leyden (1975).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. H. Crawford, Jr. and J. M. Slifkin, Point Defects in Solids, Vol. 1, Plenum Press, New York-London (1972).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. M. Stoneham, Theory of Defects in Solids, Clarendon Press, Oxford (1975).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. L. Gilbert, Lecture notes for the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Ghent, 1966, unpublished.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. F. Mott and A. M. Stoneham, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 10, 3391 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Landau, Phys. Zeitschr. D. Sowjetunion 3, 664 (19733).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. F. Mott and R. W. Gurney, Electronic Processes in Ionic Crystals, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1940).MATHGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Toyozawa, Prog. Theor. Phys. 26, 29 (1963).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Emin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 604 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. Emin, Adv. Phys. 22, 57 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Holstein, Ann. Phys. 8, 325 and 343 (1959).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A Sumi and Y. Toyozawa, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 35, 137 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. Emin and T. Holstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 323 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. Känzig, Phys. Rev. 99, 1890 (1955).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Castner and W. Känzig, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 3, 178 (1957).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. J. Delbecq, B. Smaller, and P. H. Yuster, Phys. Rev. 111, 1235 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. N. Jette, T. L. Gilbert, and T. P. Das, Phys. Rev. 184, 884 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. F. Daly and R. L. Mieher, Phys. Rev. 183, 368 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    F. J. Keller and R. B. Murray, Phys. Rev. 150, 670 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. W. Sleight, Acta Cryst. B28, 2899 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Grasser, E. Pitt, A. Scharmann, and G. Zimmerer, DESY Report SR-75/02, April 1975 and Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 69, 359 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Kebabcioglu and A. Müller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 8, 59 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. B. Gray, Coord. Chem. Rev. 1, 2 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. P. Mortola, H. Basch, and J. W. Moskowitz, Intern. J. Quant. Chem. 7, 725 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. E. Ellis and G. S. Painter, Phys. Rev. B2, 2887 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Rauk, T. Ziegler, and D. E. Ellis, Theoret. Chim. Acta (Berl.) 34, 49 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    F. A. Kroger, Some Aspects of the Luminescence of Solids, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1948.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. J. Treadaway and R. C. Powell, J. Chem. Phys. 61, 4003 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    R. Grasser and A. Scharmann, J. Lum. 12/13, 473 (1976).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    R. Grasser and Scharmann, DPG Spring Meeting, Münster, 1979.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    H. Zeldes and R. Livingston, J. Chem. Phys. 34, 247 (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    G. K. Born, R. J. Grasser, and A. 0. Scharmann, Phys. Stat. Sol. 28, 583 (1968).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    R. Biederbick, G. Born, A. Hofstaetter, and A. Scharmann, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 69, 55 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. R. Edwards, S. Subramanian, and M. C. R. Symons, J. Chem. Soc. (A), 2985 (1968).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. Böhm, B. Cord, A. Hofstaetter, A. Scharmann, and P. Parot, J. Lum. 17, 291 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    A. Hofstaetter, R. Oeder, A. Scharmann, and D. Schwabe, Z. Physik B35, 1 (1979).ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. Kikuchi, Bull. Inst. Chem. Res., Kyoto Univ. 48 10 (1970).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Hofstaetter, A. Scharmann, D. Schwabe, and B. Vitt, Z. Physik B30, 305 (1978).ADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    W. Hayes and J. W. Twidell, Proc. Phys. Soc. 79, 1295 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    R. F. Marzke and R. L. Mieher, Phys. Rev. 182, 453 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    J. H. Beaumont, W. Hayes, D. L. Kirk, and G. P. Summers, Proc. R. Soc. A315, 69 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    M. J. Norgett and A. M. Stoneham, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 6, 229 and 238 (1973).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    W. Ulrici, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 40, 557 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    D. J. Gibbons and W. E. Spear, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1917 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    G. B. Street and W. D. Gill, Phys. Stat. Sol. 18, 601 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    P. J. Dean and W. J. Choyke, Adv. Phys. 26, 1 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    C. H. Henry, J. Lum. 12/13 47 (1976).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    R. Grasser, G. Roth, and A. Scharmann, Z. Naturforsch. 30a, 1205 (1975).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    R. Grasser, A. Scharmann, and W. Schwedes, Z. Physik B20, 235 (1975).ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    R. Grasser, K. Hermanns, A. Scharmann, and W. Schwedes, Z. Physik B24 25 (1976).ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. Grasser, A. Scharmann, and W. Schwedes, Z. Physik B28, 247 (1977).ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    G. D. Watkins, Radiation Effects in Semiconductors, Plenum Press, New York, 1968.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    J. M. Vail, R. J. Brown, and C. K. Ong, J. Physique C 9, 83 (1970).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    F. Seitz and J. S. Koehler, Solid State Physics 2, 305 (1956).Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    J. D. Weeks, J. C. Tully, and L. C. Kimerling, Phys. Rev. B 12, 3286 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    J. C. Bourgoin and J. W. Corbett, Phys. Lett. 38A, 135 (1972).Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    K. Weiser, Phys. Rev. 126, 1427 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    G. Kurz, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 31, 93 (1969) •Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    G. Kurz and S. Susman, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 46 K5 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    G. Reuter, L. Schwan, and J. M. Spaeth, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 53, K29 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    J. H. Crawford, Adv. Phys. 17, 93 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    F. Seitz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 26, 7 (1954).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    J. H. 0. Varley, Nature 174, 886 (195*0 and J. Nucl. Eng. 1, 130 (1954).Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    V. H. Ritz, Phys. Rev. 133, A1452 (196U).Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    C. C. Klick, Phys. Rev. 120, 760 (i960).Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    A. Smakula, Z. Physik 63, 762 (1930).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    T. P. P. Hall, D. Pooley, W. A. Runciman, and P. T. Wedepohl, Proc. Phys. Soc. 84, 719 C196U)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    C. B. Lushchik, G. K. Vale, E. R. Ilmas, N. S. Rooze, A. A. Elango, and M. A. Elango, Optics and Spectr. 21, 377 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    H. N. Hersh, Phys. Rev. 148, 928 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    J. D. Konitzer and H. N. Hersh, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 771 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    D. Pooley, Proc. Phys. Soc. 87, 245 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    M. N. Kahler, Phys. Rev. 136, A1296 (196*0.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    R. B. Murray and F. J. Keller, Phys. Rev. 137, A942 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    D. Pooley, Proc. Phys. Soc. 87, 257 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    F. J. Keller and F. W. Patten, Solid State Commun. 7, l603 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    R. G. Fuller, R. T. Williams, and M. N. Kahler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 446 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    R. F. Wood, Phys. Rev. 151, 629 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    M. N. Kahler and D. A. Patterson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 652 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    I. M. Blair, D. Pooley, and D. Smith, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 5, 1537 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    M. J. Marrone, F. W. Patten, and M. N. Kabler, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 18, 631 (1973).Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    R. T. Williams and M. N. Kahler, Phys. Rev. B9, 1897 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    D. Block, A. Wasiela, and Y. Merle D’Auhigne, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 11, 14201 (1978).Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    A. M. Stoneham, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 7, 246 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    K. S. Song, A. M. Stoneham, and A. H. Harker, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 8, 1125 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    N. Itoh, A. M. Stoneham, and A. H. Harker, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 10, 4197 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    R. T. Williams, M. N. Kahler, and I. Schneider, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 11, 2009 (1978).Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Y. Kondo, M. Hirai, and M, Ueta, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 33, 151 (1972).Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    J. N. Bradford, R. T. Williams, and W. L. Faust, Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 300 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    N. Itoh and M. Saidoh, J. Physique 34, C9 (1973).Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    I. M. Torrens and L. T. Chadderton, Phys. Rev. 159., 671 (1967).Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    R. Smoluchowski, 0. W. Lazareth, R. D. Hatcher, and G. J. Dienes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1288 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    T. P. P. Hall, A. E. Hughes, and D. Pooley, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 9, 439 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Y. Toyozawa, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 44, 482 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    C. H. Leung and K. S. Song, Phys. Rev. B 18, 922 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    M. N. Kahler and R. T. Williams, Phys. Rev. B 18, 1948 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    A. Schmid, P. Bräunlich, and P. K. Rol, Phys. Rev. Lett. 35., 1382 (1975).Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    E. Yablonovitch and N. Bloemhergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 907 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    P. Bräunlich, A. Schmid, and P. Kelly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 150 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Grasser
    • 1
  • A. Scharmann
    • 1
  1. 1.I. Physikalisches InstitutJustus-Liebig-UniversitätGiessenFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations