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Ultrafiltration in Patients with Endstage Renal Disease

  • Juan P. Bosch
  • Robert Geronemus
  • Sheldon Glabman
  • George Moutoussis
  • Thomas Kahn
  • Beat von Albertini
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology book series (POLS, volume 13)

Abstract

For the past 15 years maintenance hemodialysis has been the main technique utilized in the treatment of end-stage kidney disease. It has been successful in maintaining life in patients whose outlook was completely hopeless. Even if transplantation offers an attractive alternative, hemodialysis has remained the single most important treatment modality. More widespread use is limited only the technical complexity and the considerable economical impact of the procedure. Hemodialysis maintains patients with end-stage renal disease by replacing, to a certain extent at least, the excretory function of the failing kidneys. Considerable technical progress has been made over the years to improve this function. Despite the improved efficiency and design of the dialysis apparatus, body composition remains deranged. It has been demonstrated that the size of the various fluid compartments are often abnormal, and plasma levels of a number of small molecular weight compounds remain above normal values (1–4). Moreover, there is evidence that large molecular weight substances normally excreted by the kidneys are incompletely cleared from the body, even by the most efficient dialysis apparatus (5–7). Furthermore, all of the clinical manifestations of renal failure are not caused by the retention in the body of substances which are normally excreted by the kidneys (8).

Keywords

Ultrafiltration Rate Plasma Bicarbonate Hydrostatic Pressure Gradient Regular Dialysis ENDSTAGE Renal Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan P. Bosch
    • 1
  • Robert Geronemus
    • 1
  • Sheldon Glabman
    • 1
  • George Moutoussis
    • 1
  • Thomas Kahn
    • 1
  • Beat von Albertini
    • 1
  1. 1.Renal Division of the Department of MedicineMount Sinai School of Medicine of the City University of New YorkN.Y.USA

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