Residual Stresses and Microcracking Induced by Thermal Contraction Inhomogeneity

  • A. G. Evans
  • D. R. Clarke


Brittle materials are subject to microcrack formation at grain boundaries and at second phase particles. These cracks are induced by residual stress that results from incompatibilities in thermal contraction. The development of residual stress and its partial relaxation by diffusion (at elevated temperatures) are described. The evolution of microcracks within the residual stress fields are then examined. Particular attention is devoted to considerations of the critical microstructural dimension at the onset of microcracking.


Residual Stress Stress Intensity Factor Stress Relaxation Hydrostatic Stress Thermal Contraction 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. Evans
    • 1
  • D. R. Clarke
    • 2
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Rockwell International Science CenterThousand OaksUSA

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