Advertisement

How Children Learn the Skill of Tension Control

  • A. B. Frederick

Abstract

Children should learn to relax for the same reason they learn the skills of reading, writing and arithmetic. Tension control is a basic skill. Is such a skill worthy of “Fourth R” status in the curriculum of basic education? Is it indeed presumptious to claim that something called “relaxation,” essentially a non-verbal skill, should be equated with the “Three Rs,” the latter forming the essential verbal and symbolic foundation for literacy and technology? I believe the answer to such questions to be in the affirmative (Frederick, 1979).

Keywords

Physical Education Educational Objective Tension Control Neuromuscular Relaxation Progressive Relaxation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bloom, Benjamin S., ed., “Taxonomy of Educational Objectives Hand-book I: Cognitive Domain”, David McKay Co., New York (1956).Google Scholar
  2. Frederick, A. B., 1967, Tension control in the physical education classroom, Jnl. of Health, Phys. Edu. and Rec., 10: 42.Google Scholar
  3. Frederick, A. B., 1979, Relaxation: Education’s Fourth “R”. ERIC Clearinghouse on Teacher Education, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  4. Gallwey, W. T., 1976, “Inner Tennis,” Random House, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Harrow, A. J., 1972, “A Taxonomy of the Psychomotor Domain,” David McKay Co., New York.Google Scholar
  6. Huxley, A., 1962, “Island,” Harper and Row, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Jacobson, E., 1926, Response to a sudden unexpected stimulus, Jnl. of Exp. Psy., 9: 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jacobson, E., 1929, “Progressive Relaxation,” University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  9. Jacobson, E., 1930, Electrical measurements of neuromuscular states during mental activities - I - Imagination of movement involving skeletal muscle, Am. Jnl. of Phys., 91: 576.Google Scholar
  10. Jacobson, E., 1938, “Progressive Relaxation,” ( 2nd ed. ), University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  11. Jacobson, E., 1970, “Modern Treatment of Tense Patients,” Thomas Publishers, Springfield, I11.Google Scholar
  12. Jacobson, E., 1973a, Electrophysiology of mental activities and introduction to the psychological process of thinking, in “The Psychophysiology of Thinking,” F. J. McGuigan, ed., Academic Press, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  13. Jacobson, E., 1973b, “Teaching and Learning”, National Foundation for Progressive Relaxation, Chicago.Google Scholar
  14. Jacobson, E., 1978, “You Must Relax,” ( 5th ed. ), McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Jacobson, E., and Lufkin, B., 1966, “Tension Control in Public Schools,” (Part 3 ), Foundation for Scientific Relaxation, Chicago.Google Scholar
  16. Jacobson, E., and Lufkin, B., 1968, “Tension Control in Public Schools,” (Part 4 ), Foundation for Scientific Relaxation, Chicago.Google Scholar
  17. Kratwohl, D., 1964, “Taxonomy of Educational Objectives Handbook II: Affective Domain,” David McKay, Co., New York.Google Scholar
  18. Laban, R., 1963, “Modern Educational Dance,” (2nd ed. revised by L. Ullmann), Macdonald and Evans, Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  19. Loree, R., 1965, Relationships among three domains of educational objectives, in “Contemporary Issues in Home Economics - A Conference Report,” National Education Association, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  20. Malcolm, N., 1978, Thinking, Seminar paper for the Center for Philosophic Exchange, State University College at Brockport, Brockport, N.Y.Google Scholar
  21. Marshall, M., and Beach, C., 1976, A method for teaching tension control in the elementary school, in “Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the American Association for the Advance-ment of Tension Control,” F. J. McGuigan, ed., University Publications, Blacksburg, Va.Google Scholar
  22. Neufield, W., 1951, Relaxation methods in U.S. Navy air schools, Am. Jnl. of Psychia., 108: 132.Google Scholar
  23. Scott, J. P., 1962, Critical periods in behavioral development, Science, 138: 949.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Selye, H., 1976, “The Stress of Life,” ( 2nd ed. ), McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  25. Simeons, A. T., 1962, “Man’s Presumptious Brain,” E. P. Dutton, New York.Google Scholar
  26. Singer, R. W., 1968, Motor learning and human performance, in “Developmental Factors and Influence on Skill Learning,” The Mcmillan Co., New York.Google Scholar
  27. Steinhaus, A., 1963, “Towards an Understanding of Health and Physical Education,” William C. Brown., Dubuque, Iowa.Google Scholar
  28. Steinhaus, A., and Norris, J., 1964, “Teaching Neuromuscular Relaxation,” George Williams College, Chicago.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. B. Frederick
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of New YorkBrockportUSA

Personalised recommendations