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Physical Oceanography of the New Zealand Fjords

  • B. R. Stanton
  • G. L. Pickard
Chapter
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 4)

Abstract

The south-west coast of the South Island of New Zealand is indented by a group of fjords extending from Milford Sound in the north to Preservation Inlet in the south. The fjords are the drowned lower reaches of valleys formerly occupied by glaciers. They have typical fjord features, being narrow, steep sided and having one or more submarine sills separating their relatively deep basins from the Tasman Sea. The mountainous nature of the land and its exposure to prevailing westerly weather systems results in high rainfall and large freshwater runoff into the fjords.

Keywords

Deep Basin Water Property Physical Oceanography Southern Group Deep Water Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Batham, E.J. 1965. Rocky shore ecology of a southern New Zealand fiord. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z. Zool. vol. 6, 215–227.Google Scholar
  2. Garner, D.M. 1964. The hydrology of Milford Sound, pp. 25–33 in Skerman, T.M. ( Ed.), “Studies of a southern fiord”, Bull. N.Z. Dept. Scient. Ind. Res. 157, 25–33.Google Scholar
  3. Jillett, J.B. and S.F. Mitchell. 1973. Hydrological and biological observations in Dusky Sound, south-western New Zealand, pp. 419–427 in Fraser, R. (Comp.), “Oceanography of the South Pacific 1972”, N.Z. National Commission for UNESCO, Wellington.Google Scholar
  4. Stanton, B.R. 1978. Hydrology of Caswell and Nancy Sounds, pp. 73–84 in “Fiord Studies: Caswell and Nancy Sounds, New Zealand” G.P. Glasby, (Ed.), New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 79.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. R. Stanton
    • 1
  • G. L. Pickard
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.D.S.I.R.New Zealand Oceanographic InstituteWellington NorthNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of OceanographyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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