Physical Oceanography of the New Zealand Fjords

  • B. R. Stanton
  • G. L. Pickard
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 4)


The south-west coast of the South Island of New Zealand is indented by a group of fjords extending from Milford Sound in the north to Preservation Inlet in the south. The fjords are the drowned lower reaches of valleys formerly occupied by glaciers. They have typical fjord features, being narrow, steep sided and having one or more submarine sills separating their relatively deep basins from the Tasman Sea. The mountainous nature of the land and its exposure to prevailing westerly weather systems results in high rainfall and large freshwater runoff into the fjords.


Deep Basin Water Property Physical Oceanography Southern Group Deep Water Basin 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. R. Stanton
    • 1
  • G. L. Pickard
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.D.S.I.R.New Zealand Oceanographic InstituteWellington NorthNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of OceanographyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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