Phylogenetic Relationships of the Leptophlebiidae of New Zealand (Ephemeroptera)

  • D. R. Towns
  • William L. Peters


The leptophlebiid mayfly fauna of New Zealand at present consists of three named genera, of which two are clearly polyphyletic. Analysis of these elements and addition of undescribed genera indicate the presence of at least 14 genera. The genera can be divided into five lineages which exhibit varying degrees of radiation within New Zealand and which show evolutionary progression in a number of character states. Four genera appear to be most closely related to genera in New Caledonia, two to generic groups in Chile, and the remainder to other genera in New Zealand, except for one genus for which the nearest known relatives are in New Guinea.


Fore Wing Hind Wing Maxillary Palpus Gill Lamella Accessory Lobe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brundin, L. 1966. Transantarctic relationships and their significance as evidence by chironomid midges. K. Sven. Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 11: 1–472.Google Scholar
  2. Cowley, D.R. 1978. Studies on the larvae of New Zealand Trichoptera. N.Z.J. Zool. 5: 639–750.Google Scholar
  3. Edmunds, G.F., Jr. 1972. Biogeography and evolution of Ephemeroptera. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 17: 21–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Edmunds, G.F., Jr. 1975. Phylogenetic biogeography of mayflies. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard .62: 251–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fleming, C.A. 1975. The geological history of New Zealand and its biota, p. 1 - 86, in Kuschel, G. (ed.), Biogeography and Ecology in New Zealand. Dr. W. Junk, The Hague.Google Scholar
  6. Illies, J. 1969. Biogeography and ecology of Neotropical freshwater insects, especially those from running waters, p. 685–708, in Fittkau, E.J., et at. (eds.), Biogeography and Ecology in South America. Vol. 2. Dr. W. Junk, The Hague.Google Scholar
  7. McFarlane, A.G. 1976. A generic revision of New Zealand Hydropsychinae (Trichoptera). J.R. Soc. N.Z. 6: 23–35.Google Scholar
  8. McLellan, I.D. 1975. The freshwater insects, p. 537–559, in Kuschel, G. (ed.), Biogeography and Ecology in New Zealand. Dr. W. Junk, The Hague.Google Scholar
  9. McLellan, I.D. 1977. New alpine and southern Plecoptera from New Zealand, and a new classification of the Gripopterygidae. N.Z.J. Zool. 4: 119–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Penniket, J.G. 1961. Notes on New Zealand Ephemeroptera I. The affinities with Chile and Australia, and remarks on Atalophlebia Eaton (Leptophlebiidae). N.Z. Entomol. 2: 1–11.Google Scholar
  11. Pescador, M.L. and W.L. Peters. 1979. Phylogenetic relationships and zoogeography of cool-adapted Leptophlebiidae (Ephemeroptera) in southern South America. This volume.Google Scholar
  12. Peters, W.L. and G.F. Edmunds, Jr. 1970. Revision of the generic classification of the Eastern Hemisphere Leptophlebiidae (Ephemeroptera). Pac. Insects 12: 157–240.Google Scholar
  13. Towns, D.R. and W.L. Peters. 1978. A revision of genus Atalophle-bioides (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae). N.Z.J. Zool. 5: 607–614.Google Scholar
  14. Towns, D.R. and W.L. Peters. 1979a. Three new genera of Leptophlebiidae (Ephemeroptera) from New Zealand. N.Z.J. Zool. 6: (in press).Google Scholar
  15. Towns, D.R. and W.L. Peters. 1979b. New genera and species of Leptophlebiidae (Ephemeroptera) from New Zealand. N.Z.J. Zoot. 6: (in press).Google Scholar
  16. Tsui, P.T.P. and W.L. Peters. 1975. The comparative morphology and phylogeny of certain Gondwanian Leptophlebiidae based on the thorax, tentorium, and abdominal terga (Ephemeroptera). Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 101: 505–595.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. R. Towns
    • 1
    • 2
  • William L. Peters
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Aquatic EntomologyFlorida A&M UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

Personalised recommendations