Hydrogenic Mesomolecules and Muon Catalyzed Fusion
With respect to many atomic and molecular processes the lifetime of the free muon, τμ = 2.20×10−6 sec, is sufficiently long to consider it as a stable object. So the possibility arises that mesomolecules of heavy hydrogen isotopes are formed. Such a mesomolecule is, up to recoil corrections, a scaled down model of the usual one-electron hydrogen molecule, H+ 2, with the scaling factor being the ratio of muon to electron mass, 206.8. In particular, the hydrogenic isotopes are only about 1Ä/206.8 = 500 fm apart. Consequently, the probability for spontaneous fusion is appreciable especially for fusion reaction channels governed by strong interactions. This is in particular the case for the dd and dt mesomolecules.
KeywordsHydrogen Isotope Fusion Product Vacuum Polarization Liquid Hydrogen Sticking Probability
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