T Category in Renal Carcinoma

  • G D Chisholm
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 1)


In the 1974 recommendations for the TNM classification of urological tumours, the difficulty in achieving an accurate T category for renal tumours was emphasised (Wallace et al, 1975). In order to improve the accuracy of this T category it was recommended that an arteriogram was necessary and if this could not be done then the minimum requirements could not be met ie. Tx.


  1. 1.
    Wallace, D. M., Chisholm, G. D. and Hendry, W. F. TNM classification for urological tumours (UICC) — 1974. Brit. J. Urol. 47, 1–12 (1975).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Das, G., Chisholm, G. D. and Sherwood, T. Can angiography stage renal carcinoma? Brit. J. Urol. 49, 611–614 (1977).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • G D Chisholm
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of UrologyWestern General HospitalEdinburghScotland
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of EdinburghScotland

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