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Feed and Food from Desert Environments

  • James A. Bassham
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 14)

Abstract

The Bio-Saline Concept. The term “Bio-Saline Research” was originally designated by the National Science Foundation scientists to describe a concept “that in time will lead to sustainable industries based specifically on plants selected to grow in salt water”,1 particularly in arid land areas of the Earth, where there is an abundance of solar radiation, sea water and dry climate.2 A broader consideration of the possibilities of such areas indicates that it is also worthwhile to consider the potential of utilizing plants which are not salt-tolerant. The bio-saline concept has been extended to emcompass “the elements of research, development, demonstration, and utilization to apply modern biological sciences and technologies for deriving essential resource materials in an environmentally harmonious manner from marine and arid land mass systems.”3 Within this latter framework are the two main topics of this article: the use of plants adapted to arid lands, and modification of the environment through Controlled Environmental Agricultural Technology (CEA)2 to allow a broad range of conventional and unconventional crops to be grown with a very limited supply of fresh or brackish water. This water could be derived from the sea, from saline lakes, or from waste water treatment.

Keywords

Crassulacean Acid Metabolism Arid Land Desert Plant Plant Sugar Cane Reductive Pentose Phosphate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. Bassham
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence Berkeley LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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