Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Cation-Macrocycle Interaction

  • John D. Lamb
  • Reed M. Izatt
  • James J. Christensen
  • Delbert J. Eatough

Abstract

The intense interest recently generated in the so-called macrocyclic ligands finds roots in the extraordinary stability of their cation complexes and their peculiar ability to selectively bind certain cations in preference to others. This chapter deals specifically with the thermodynamic and kinetic quantities associated with the interactions of cations with these ligands in solution. The thermodynamics of these reactions has received considerably more attention than has their kinetics and, consequently, the bulk of the chapter will deal with the former. Of particular interest are those factors that are responsible for and that influence the remarkable binding strength and selectivity of the wide variety of ligands studied thus far. In this chapter we will summarize work concerning these factors which has been published through 1976. One of these factors, the macrocyclic effect, has aroused particular interest and will be analyzed in detail.

Keywords

Entropy Enthalpy DMSO Porphyrin Cyclodextrin 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • John D. Lamb
    • 1
  • Reed M. Izatt
    • 1
  • James J. Christensen
    • 1
  • Delbert J. Eatough
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and the Thermochemical InstituteBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA

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