Growth depends on adequate intake of food which must not only be digested and absorbed but also utilized by the body. Several factors influence and interfere in this process of digestion, absorption, and utilization, the chief among which are infection and metabolic disorders. Food intake itself is influenced not only by infection and loss of appetite but also by the availability of foods, which is partly dependent on socioeconomic factors, catastrophies, and the ecological balance that the human being has achieved with the environment. However, not all available and potentially edible materials are recognized or preferred as foods. Each culture views foods according to its own cultural perspective.
- Human Milk
- Breast Feeding
- Birth Interval
- Diarrheal Disease
- Malnourished Child
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout
Purchases are for personal use onlyLearn about institutional subscriptions
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Aall, C., 1970, Relief, nutrition and health problems in the Nigerian/Biafran War, J. Trop. Pediatr. 16: 70.
Antrobus, A. C. K., 1971, Child growth and related factors in a rural community in St. Vincent. J. Trop. Pediatr. 17: 187.
Ashcroft, M. T., Bell, R., Nicholson, C. C., and Pemberton, S., 1968, Growth of Guyanese infants of African and East Indian racial origins, with some observations on mortality, Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 62: 607.
Avery, T, L., 1963, An analysis over 8 years of children admitted with measles to a hospital in Sierra Leone, West Africa, W. Afr. Med. J. 12: 61.
Ballweg, J. A., 1972, Family characteristics and nutrition problems of preschool children in Fond Parisien, Haiti, J. Trop. Pediatr. 18: 230.
Barr, D. P., and DuBois, E. F., 1918, Clinical calorimetry. XXVIII. The metabolism in malarial fever, Arch. Intern. Med. 21: 627.
Beisel, W. R., Sawyer, W. D., Ryll, E. D., and Crozier, D., 1967, Metabolic effects of intracellular infections in man, Ann. Intern. Med. 67: 744.
Belew, M., Jacobsson, K., Tornell, G., Uppsall, L., Zaar, B., and Vahlquist, B., 1972, Anthropometric, clinical and biochemical studies in children from the five different regions of Ethiopia, J. Trop. Pediatr. 18: 246.
Bhattacharyya, A. K., 1961, Aetiological investigations in kwashiorkor and marasmus, Bull, Calcutta Sch. Trop. Med. 9: 99.
Blankson, J. M., 1975, Measles and its problems as seen in Ghana, J. Trop. Pediatr. 21 (1B): 51.
Bolton, J. M., 1972, Food taboos among the Orang Asli in West Malaysia: A potential nutritional hazard, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 25: 789.
Carstairs, G. M., 1955, Medicine and faith in rural Rajasthan, in: Health, Culture, and Community ( B.D. Paul, ed.), pp. 107–134, Russell Sage Foundation, New York.
Cassel, J., 1955, A comprehensive health program among South African Zulus, in: Health, Culture, and Community ( B. D. Paul, ed.), pp. 15–41, Russell Sage Foundation, New York.
Chen, P. C. Y., 1970a, Ascariasis: Beliefs and practices of a rural Malay community, Med. J. Malaya 24: 176.
Chen, P. C. Y., 1970b, Indigenous concepts of causation and methods of prevention of childhood diseases in a rural Malay community, J. Trop. Pediatr. 16: 33.
Chen, P. C. Y., 1972, Sociocultural influences on vitamin A deficiency in a rural Malay community, J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 75: 231.
Chen, P. C. Y., 1973, An analysis of customs related to childbirth in rural Malay culture, Trop. Geogr. Med. 25: 197.
Chen, S. T., 1974, Protein calorie malnutrition A major health problem of multiple causation in Malaysia, Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 5: 85.
Cosminsky, S., 1975, Changing food and medical beliefs and practices in a Guatemalan community, Ecol. Food Nutr. 4: 183.
Coughlin, R. J., 1965, Pregnancy and birth in Vietnam, in: Southeast Asian Birth Customs ( D. V. Hart, P. A. Rajadhon, and R. J. Coughlin, eds.), Human Relations Area Files Press, New Haven.
Darke, S. J., 1959, Malnutrition in African adults. V. Effects of hookworm infestations on absorption of foodstuffs, Br. J. Nutr. 13: 278.
Draper, C. C., Lelijveld, J. L. M., Matola, Y. G., and White, G. B., 1972, Malaria in the Pare area of Tanzania. IV. Malaria in the human population 11 years after the suspension of residual insecticide spraying, with special reference to the serological findings. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 66: 905.
Dugdale, A. E., 1970, Breast feeding in a Southeast Asian city, Far East Med. J. 6: 8.
Emanual, I., and Biddulph, J., 1969, Pediatric field survey of the Nasioi and Kwaio of the Solomon Islands, J. Trop. Pediatr. 15: 56.
Ferro-Luzzi, G. E., 1973, Food avoidances of pregnant women in Tamilnad, Ecol. Food Nutr. 2: 259.
Gans, B., 1961, Pediatric problems in Lagos, W. Afr. Med. J. 10: 33.
Gerlach, L. P., 1964, Sociocultural factors affecting the diet of the Northeast coastal Bantu, J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 45: 420.
Gonzalez, N. L. S., 1964, Beliefs and practices concerning medicine and nutrition among lower-class urban Guatemalans, Am. J. Public Health 54: 1726.
Gonzales, N. S., and Behar, M., 1966, Child-rearing practices, nutrition and health status, Milbank Mem. Fund Q. Bull. 44: 77.
Gordon, J. E., Chitkara, I. D., and Wyon, J. B., 1963, Weanling diarrhoea, Am. J. Med. Sci. 245: 345.
Gordon, J. E., Behar, M., and Scrimshaw, N. S., 1964, Acute diarrhoeal disease in less developed countries. I. An epidemiological basis for control, Bull. WHO 31: 1.
Gothefors, L., and Winberg, J., 1975, Host resistance factors, J. Trop. Pediatr. 21: 260.
Grewal, T., Gopaldas, T., and Gadre, V. J., 1973, Etiology of malnutrition in rural Indian preschool children (Madhya Pradesh), J. Trop. Pediatr. 19: 265.
Gurney, J. M., Fox, H., and Neill, J., 1972, A rapid survey to assess the nutrition of Jamaican infants and young children in 1970, Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 66: 653.
Gyorgy, P., 1971, Symposium on the uniqueness of human milk: Biochemical aspects, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 24: 970.
Haddad, N. E., and Harfouche, J. K., 1971, Serum protein in Lebanese infants, J. Trop. Pediatr. 17: 91.
Harrell, G. T., Wolff, W. A., Venning, W. L., and Reinhart, J. B., 1946, Prevention and control of disturbances of protein metabolism in Rocky Mountain spotted fever; value of forced feedings of high-protein diet and of administration of specific antiserum, South. Med. J. (Birmingham, Ala. ) 39: 551.
Hart, D. V., 1965, From pregnancy through birth in a Bisayan Filipino village, in: Southeast Asian Birth Customs ( D. V. Hart, P. A. Rajadhon, and R. J. Coughlin, eds.), Human Relations Area Files Press, New Haven, Conn.
Hasan, K. A., 1971, The Hindu dietary practices and culinary rituals in a North Indian village: An ethnomedical and structural analysis, Ethnomedizin 1: 43.
Hautvast, J., 1972, Eating habits in a group of Tanzanian schoolchildren, J. Trop. Pediatr. 18: 206.
Imperato, P. J., 1969, Traditional attitudes towards measles in the Republic of Mali, Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 63: 768.
Jayalakshmi, V. T., and Gopalan, C., 1958, Nutrition and tuberculosis. I. An epidemiological study, Indian J. Med. Res. 46: 87.
Jelliffe, D. B., 1953, Clinical notes on kwashiorkor in Western Nigeria, J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 56: 104.
Jelliffe, D. B., 1969, Child Nutrition in Developing Countries, U. S. Department of State, A. I. D., Washington, D. C.
Jelliffe, D. B., and Jelliffe, E. F. P., 1971, The uniqueness of milk, WHO Chron. 25: 537.
Jelliffe, D. B., Bras, G., and Stuart, K. L., 1954, Kwashiorkor and marasmus in Jamaican infants, W. Indian Med. J. 3: 43.
Jelliffe, D. B., Symonds, B. E. R., and Jelliffe, E. F. P., 1960, The pattern of malnutrition in early childhood in southern Trinidad, J. Pediatr. 57: 922.
Johnston, J. A., and Maroney, J. W., 1938, Focal infection and metabolism; the effect of the removal of tonsils and adenoids on the nitrogen balance and the basal metabolism, J. Pediatr. 12: 563.
Kanaaneh, H., 1972, The relationship of bottle feeding to malnutrition and gastroenteritis in a pre-industrial setting, J. Trop. Pediatr. 18: 302.
Kimmance, K. J., 1972, Failure to thrive and lactation failure in Jordanian villages in 1970, J. Trop. Pediatr. 18: 313.
Knutsson, K. E., and Mellbin, T., 1969, Breast feeding habits and cultural context, J. Trop. Pediatr. 15: 40.
Mata, L. J., and Behar, M., 1975, Malnutrition and infection in a typical rural Guatemalan village: Lessons for the planning of preventive measures, Ecol. Food Nutr. 4: 41.
Mata, L. J., and Wyatt, R. G., 1971, Symposium on the uniqueness of human milk: Host resistance to infection, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 24: 976.
Mata, L. J., Urrutia, J. J., and Lechtig, A., 1971, Infection and nutrition of children of a low socioeconomic rural community, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 24: 249.
McArthur, A. M., 1962, Assignment Report: Nutrition, WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila.
McDowell, I., and Hoorweg, J., 1975, Social environment and outpatient recovery from malnutrition, Ecol. Food Nutr. 4: 91.
McKay, D. A., 1969, The arm circumference as a public health index of protein-calorie malnutrition of early childhood, J. Trop. Pediatr. 15: 213.
McKay, D. A., 1971, Food illness, and folk medicine: Insights from Ulu Trengganu, West Malaysia, Ecol. Food Nutr. 1: 67.
McKigney, J., 1971, Symposium on the uniqueness of human milk: Economic aspects, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 24: 1005.
Molony, C. H., 1975, Systematic valence coding of Mexican “hot”-”cold” food, Ecol. Food Nutr. 4: 67.
Montelli, T. B., Ribeiro, V. M., Riberio, R. M., and Ribeiro, M. A. C., 1974, Electroencephalographic changes and mental development in malnourished children, J. Trop. Pediatr. 20: 201.
Morehead, C. D., Morehead, M., Allen, D. M., and Olson, R. E., 1974, Bacterial infections in malnourished children, J. Trop. Pediatr. 20: 141.
Morley, D. C., 1959, Childhood tuberculosis in a rural area of West Africa, W. Afr. Med. J. 8: 225.
Morley, D. C., 1962, Measles in Nigeria, Am. J. Dis. Child. 103: 230.
Morley, D., 1969, Severe measles in the tropics—I, Br. Med. J. 1: 297.
Morley, D., 1973, Paediatric Priorities in the Developing World, Butterworth, London.
Netrasiri, A., and Netrasiri, C., 1955, Kwashiorkor in Bangkok (an analytical study of 54 cases), J. Trop. Pediatr. 1: 148.
Ongeri, S. K., 1975, Nutritional problems among Kenyan children, J. Trop. Pediatr. 21 (1B): 6.
Orwell, S., and Murray, J., 1974, Infant feeding and health in Ibadan, J. Trop. Pediatr. 20: 206.
Phillips, I., Lwanga, S. K., Lore, W., and Wasswa, D., 1969, Methods and hygiene of infant feeding in an urban area of Uganda, J. Trop. Pediatr. 15: 167.
Plank, S. J., and Milanesi, M. L., 1973, Infant feeding and infant mortality in rural Chile, Bull. WHO 48: 203.
Pollock, N. J., 1974, Breadfruit or rice: Dietary choice on a Micronesian atoll, Ecol. Food Nutr. 3: 107.
Poskitt, E. M. E., 1972, Seasonal variation in infection and malnutrition at a rural paediatric clinic in Uganda, Trans. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 66: 931.
Pretorius, P. J., Davel, J. G. A., and Coetzee, J. N., 1956, Some observations on the development of kwashiorkor. A study of 205 cases, S. Afr. Med. J. 30: 396.
Puffer, R. R., and Serrano, C. V., 1973, Patterns of Mortality in Childhood, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D. C., (Scientific Publ. No. 262 ).
Rocha, E., 1975, Salmonellosis in infants, J. Trop. Pediatr. 21 (1B): 60.
Rosenberg, I. H., Solomons, N. W., and Levin, D. M., 1976, Interaction of infection and nutrition: Some practical concerns, Ecol. Food Nutr. 4: 203.
Sai, F. T., 1965, The challenge of African nutrition, Isr. J. Med. Sci. 1: 118.
Salomon, J. B., Mata, L. J., and Gordon, J. E., 1968, Malnutrition and the common communicable diseases of childhood in rural Guatemala, Am. J. Public Health 58: 505.
Sang, J. H., 1938, The antiproteolytic enzyme of Ascaris lumbricoides var. suis, Parasitology 30: 141.
Scrimshaw, N. S., Taylor, C. E., and Gordon, J. E., 1968, Interactions of Nutrition and Infection, WHO, Geneva (Monograph Series, No. 57 ).
Selinus, R., 1970, Home made weaning foods for Ethiopian children, J. Trop. Pediatr. 17: 188.
Selinus, R., Gobezie, A., Knutsson, K. E., and Vahlquist, B., 1971, Dietary studies in Ethiopia: Dietary pattern among the Rift Valley Arsi Galla, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 24: 365.
Sheppe, W. A., and Adams, J. R., 1957, The pathogenic effect of Trypanosoma duttoni in hosts under stress conditions, J. Parasitol. 43: 55.
Simoons, F. J., 1974, Rejection of fish as human food in Africa: A problem in history and ecology, Ecol. Food Nutr. 3: 89.
Smithers, S. R., and Terry, R. J., 1959, Changes in the serum protein and leucocyte counts of Rhesus monkeys in the early stages of infection with Trypanosoma gambiense, Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 53: 336.
Sousa, P. L. R., Barros, F. C., Pinheiro, G. N. M., and Gazelle, R. V., 1975, Patterns of weaning in South Brazil, J. Trop. Pediatr. 21: 210.
Taylor, H. L., Mickelsen, O., and Keys, A., 1949, The effects of induced malaria, acute starvation and semi-starvation on the electrophoretic diagram of the serum proteins of normal young men, J. Clin. Invest. 28: 273.
Teoh, S. K., 1975, Breast feeding in a rural area in Malaysia, Med. J. Malaysia 30: 175.
Van Veen, M. S., 1971, Some ecological considerations of nutrition problems on Java, Ecol. Food Nutr. 1: 25.
Venkatachalam, P. S., and Patwardhan, V. N., 1953, The role of Ascaris lumbricoides in the nutrition of the host effect of ascariasis on digestion of protein, Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Hyg. 47: 169.
Waldmann, E., 1975, The ecology of the nutrition of the Bapedi, Sekhukuniland, Ecol. Food Nutr. 4: 139.
Waterlow, J., and Vergara, A., 1956, Protein Malnutrition in Brazil, F.A.O. Nutritional Studies, No. 14, Rome.
Whyte, R. O., 1974, Rural Nutrition in Monsoon Asia, Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur. Williams, C. D., and Jelliffe, D. B., 1972, Mother and Child Health: Delivering the Services, Oxford University Press, London.
Williams, T. R., 1965, The Dusun: A North Borneo Society, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York.
Wilson, C. S., 1971, Food beliefs affect nutritional status of Malay físherfolk, J. Nutr. Educ. 2: 96.
Woodruff, A. W., 1959, Serum protein changes induced by infection and treatment of infection with Trypanosoma rhodesiense in monkeys, Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 53: 327.
Wray, J. D., and Aguirre, A., 1969, Protein-calorie malnutrition in Candelaria, Colombia. I. Prevalence, social and demographic causal factors, J. Trop. Pediatr. 15: 76.
Editors and Affiliations
© 1979 Plenum Press, New York
About this chapter
Cite this chapter
Chen, P.C.Y. (1979). Nondietary Factors and Nutrition. In: Jelliffe, D.B., Jelliffe, E.F.P. (eds) Nutrition and Growth. Human Nutrition, vol 2. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-2916-9_4
Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA
Print ISBN: 978-1-4613-2918-3
Online ISBN: 978-1-4613-2916-9
eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive