The Adult

  • Napoleon Wolański
Part of the Human Nutrition book series (HUNU, volume 2)

Abstract

The period of adulthood has for many years been regarded as a phase of stabilization in the development process, which separates the period of “progressive development” from senescence. This conception of adulthood has also been applied to determine nutritional requirements and motor activity. Standards reflecting the physiological requirements have usually been determined according to only the body weight and degree of physical activity.

Keywords

Sugar Obesity Carbohydrate Osteoporosis Anemia 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beaton, G. H., and Swiss, L. D., 1974, Evaluation of the nutritional quality of food supplies: Prediction of:“desirable” or “safe” protein: calorie ratios, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 27: 485.Google Scholar
  2. Calloway, D. C., 1975, Nitrogen balance in men with marginal intakes of protein and energy, J. Nutr. 105 (7): 914–923.Google Scholar
  3. Cepede, M., 1975, Sociology and nutrition, Food Nutr. 1 (2): 8 - 10.Google Scholar
  4. Di Prampero, P. E., and Cerretelli, P., 1969, Maximal muscular power (aerobic and anaerobic) in African natives, Ergonomics 12: 51–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dreizen, S., Spirakis, C. N., and Stone, R. E., 1967, A comparison of skeletal growth and maturation in undernourished and well-nourished girls before and after menarche, J. Pediatr. 70: 256–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Energy and Protein Requirements, 1975, Recommendations by a joint FAO/WHO informal gathering of experts. Food Nutr. 1 (2): 11 - 19.Google Scholar
  7. Fabry, P. 1969, Feeding Pattern and Nutritional Adaptations, Academia, Prague.Google Scholar
  8. Joint FAO/WHO Ad Hoc Expert Committee on Energy and Protein Requirements, 1973, Report. FAO Nutr. Meeting Rep. Series No. 51, WHO Tech. Rep. Series No. 522.Google Scholar
  9. Kasprzak, E., and Wolanski, N., 1975, Ecosensitivity, exogamy-endogamy and heterosis. Proceedings of International Meeting on Human Ecology, pp. 461–465, Georgi Publishing, Vienna.Google Scholar
  10. Krzywicki, H. J., Consolazio, C. F., LeRoy, O. M., and Johnson, H. J., 1968, Metabolic aspects of acute starvation. Body composition changes. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 21: 87–97.Google Scholar
  11. McCracken, R. D., 1971, Lactase deficiency: An example of dietary evolution, Curr. Anthropol. 12 (4–5): 479–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Payne, P. R., 1975, Safe protein: calorie ratios in diets. The relative importance of protein and energy intake as causal factors in malnutrition. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 28: 281–286.Google Scholar
  13. Pokrovski, A. A., 1969, Woprosy Pitanija 28: 3.Google Scholar
  14. Pyzuk, M., Ivanovic, B., Wolanski, N., and Raicevic, E., 1974, Some respiratory properties of 14-80-year-old inhabitants from seaside and mountain areas in Poland and Yugoslavia, Glas. Antropol. Drust. Jugoslav. 11: 033–45.Google Scholar
  15. Roche, A. F., and Falkner, F. (eds.), 1974, Nutrition and Malnutrition. Indentification and Measurement, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Shephard, R. J., 1969, Endurance Fitness, University of Toronto, Toronto.Google Scholar
  17. Tanner, J. M., and Eveleth, P. B., 1975, Variability between populations in growth and development at puberty, in: Puberty, Biological and Psychosocial Components (S. R. Berenberg, ed.), pp. 256–273, Stenfert Kroese Publ., Leiden.Google Scholar
  18. Wolanski, N., 1967, Changes in bone density and cortical thickness of the second metacarpal between the ages of 3 and 74 years as a method for investigating bone mineral metabolism, Acta Anat. (Basel) 67 (1): 74–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wolariski, N., 1973, Rate of involutional changes in Polish rural populations, Stud. Hum. Ecol. 1: 163–166.Google Scholar
  20. Wolanski, N., 1974a, Offspring growth and assortative mating of parents, Stud. Hum. Ecol. 2: 7–75.Google Scholar
  21. Wolanski, N., 1974b, Biological reference systems in the assessment of nutritional status, in: Nutrition and Malnutrition. Identification and Measurement. ( A. F. Roche and F. Falkner, eds.), pp. 231–269, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Wolanski, N., 1974c, The problem of heterosis in man, in: Biology of Human Populations (W. Bernhard and A. Kandler, eds.), pp. 16–30, Fischer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  23. Wolanski, N., 1975a, Endurance fitness, their development and regress in the light of genetic and ecological studies, Zaszyty Nauk. Akad. Wychow. Fiz. 19: 21–46.Google Scholar
  24. Wolanski, N., 1975b, Human ecology and contemporary environment of man. X IV Kongres Antropologa Jugoslavije, Zagreb.Google Scholar
  25. Wolanski, N., 1978, Secular trend in man: Evidence and factors, Coll. Anthropol. 2: 69–86.Google Scholar
  26. Wolanski, N., and Ivanovo, B., 1979, Physical work capacity of 14–80-year-old inhabitants from seaside and mountain areas in Poland and Jugoslavia, in press.Google Scholar
  27. Wolanski, N., and Kasprzak, E., 1976, Stature as a measure of effects of environmental change, Curr. Anthropol. 17 (3): 548–552.Google Scholar
  28. Wolanski, N., and Pyzuk, M., 1972, Morphophysiological characters and physical work capacity in 15–72-year-old inhabitants of low mountains, Pieniny Range, Poland, Hum. Biol. 44 (4): 595–611.Google Scholar
  29. Wolanski, N., and Pyzuk, 1973, Morphophysiological properties in 15–80-year-old inhabitants of rural areas of different mode of life and climatic conditions, Probl. Uzdrowisk. 6: 47–62.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Napoleon Wolański
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Human EcologyPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations