Strategies for the Investigation of Crowding

  • Robert A. Karlin
  • Yakov M. Epstein
  • John R. Aiello


A variety of methods for systematically investigating crowding have merged. These include studies of humans and animals in both laboratory and field settings. Each of these approaches is viewed as having unique strengths and limitations. The potential of these varying research strategies is explored and the need for appropriate caution in generalizing from the results obtained is noted. A recent attempt to study real world crowding in a natural experiment is commented on in detail.


Cortisol Level Living Arrangement Personal Space College Life Applied Researcher 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert A. Karlin
    • 1
  • Yakov M. Epstein
    • 1
  • John R. Aiello
    • 1
  1. 1.Rutgers, The State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA

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