Advertisement

Advances in Inorganic Fiber Developments

  • Ashok K. Dhingra

Synopsis

Inorganic fiber based materials offer potential for the develpoment of next generation advanced materials beyond fiber reinforced plastics. Inorganic fiber needs and technology are briefly reviewed. The difference in structure and properties of alumina and alumina/silica fibers are discussed. The addition of silica to alumina increases the tensile strength but significantly lowers the modulus of the 100% alumina fibers. Next generation advanced aluminum alloys based on reactive Al-Li compositions are shown to be compatible with dense microstructure and relatively stable 100% alumina fibers to yield wellbonded alumina fiber reinforced aluminum matrix composites having predicted mechanical properties. Examples of potential applications for inorganic fibers materials in aerospace and automotive are shown. An important milestone in inorganic fibers technology was recently reached with the introduction of the world’s first inorganic fiber reinforcedmetal matrix composite as a piston insert for an automotive diesel engine.

Keywords

Alumina Fiber Silicon Carbide Fiber High Modulus Fiber Inorganic Fiber Reinforce Aluminum Matrix Composite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Persh, The Department of Defense Metal Matrix Composite Technology Thrust — Five Years Later, Proceeding of Fifth Metal Matrix Composites Technology Conference. P. xxiii, (May, 1983 ).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. J. Miller and H. H. Grimes, Research on Ultra-High Temperature Materials — Monolithic Ceramics, Ceramic Matrix Composites and Carbon/Carbon Composite, Advanced Materials Technology, P. 275, NASA Conference Publication 2251, (Nov., 1982 ).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Composite and Rapid Solidification Technology Critical Materials Requirement of the U.S. Aerospace Industry, P. 186, U.S. Department of Commerce, (Oct., 1981).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Conservation and Substitution Technology for Critical Materials. Proceedings of Public Workshop sponsored by U.S. Department of Commerce/National Bureau of Standards and U.S. Department of the Interior/Bureau of Mines, June, 1981).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Arthur F. McLean, Ceramics in Small Vehicular Gas Turbine, Proceedings of the Second Army Materials Technology Conference, P. 12, (Nov., 1973 ).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. F. Hurley, Harold E. LaBelle, Jr., A. I. Mlavsky, Mechanical Properties of High Strength, High Modulus to Density Continuous Alumina Filaments for Use as a Reinforcement in Structural Composites, AD 845 11016, (Sept. 1968).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    James Economy, Inorganic Refractory Fibers, Kirk Other Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Second Edition, Volume II, P. 654.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Charles B. Criner, H. J. Rack, Scale Up and Fabrication of Silicon Carbide Reinforced Aluminum Cylinders, Arco Metals Company, Silag Operation.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Yajima, K. Okamura, T. Matsuzawa, Continuous Silicon Carbide Fiber Reinforced Aluminum, P. 232, Japan-U.S. Conference on Composite Materials, Tokyo, (1981).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. Abe, S. Horikiri, K. Fujimura, E. Ichiki, High Performance Alumina Fiber and Alumina/Aluminum Composite, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Composite Materials, P. 1427, Tokyo, ( Oct. 1981 ).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. K. Dhingra, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, A294, 411, (1980).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    John C. Bittence, New Aluminum Alloys Sighted on Horizon, Materials Engineering, P. 32, (June 1980).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    New Aluminum Lithium Alloys to Reduce Aluminum Air Frame Weight by Up to 15 Percent, Alcoa News Release, May, 1983).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. K. Dhingra, Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society, London 294, 559, (1980).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hans S. Hartmann and Raymond S. Sutula, Journal of Electrochemical Society, Vol. 129. No. 8, P. 1749, (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    W. H. Krueger and A. K. Dhingra, New Composite Material and Technology, P. 13, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 78, (1982).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Todashe Donomoto, Society of Automotive Engineers, International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, SAE #830252, (March, 1983).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Toyota Motor Corporation Exhibits, Fourth International Conference on Composite Materials, Tokyo, ( Oct. 1982 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashok K. Dhingra
    • 1
  1. 1.Pioneering Research Laboratory Textile Fibers Department Experimental StationI.E. Du Pont De Nemours & Co. Inc.WilmingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations