Tumor specific antigens induced by mutagens and DNA hypomethylating agents: implications for the immunobiology of neoplasia

  • Robert S. Kerbel
  • Philip Frost
  • Douglas A. Carlow
  • Bruce E. Elliott
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 27)


The effusive enthusiasm that characterized so much of tumor immunology research during the 1960’s and 1970’s has gradually given way to a widespread and pervasive cynicism. One could cite many reasons for this but three in particular stand out. First, the incidence of almost all types of cancer in immunodeficient humans or animals (such as athymic nude mice) appears no greater than in appropriate control groups [1, 2]. This stands in sharp contrast to what one would have predicted on the basis of immune surveillance theories of cancer. Second, clinical trials involving immunotherapy have generally provided discouragingly negative results in terms of long-term patients survival or cures. Third, the entire theoretical foundation of tumor immunology itself — the existence of strictly tumor specific antigens — has yet to be definitively proven in human neoplasia despite over 25 years of intensive world-wide efforts to unequivocally uncover their presence.


Tumor Cell Population Tumor Specific Antigen Mouse Mastocytoma Lewis Lung Carcinoma Cell Line Immunogenic Variant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert S. Kerbel
  • Philip Frost
  • Douglas A. Carlow
  • Bruce E. Elliott

There are no affiliations available

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